‘T&D losses have reduced significantly in most States’
Six of the nine Northern States will have surplus power within four years if of all plants under execution are commissioned by the end of the 12th Plan period, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) said. It, however, added that peaking shortage would continue.
Referring to the recent blackout in the Northern grid last month, the industry body said that “Coupled with a scanty monsoon this year, the situation only threatens to become worse if immediate steps are not taken to address the problem.” According to the CII report, Uttar Pradesh had the highest quantum of deficit among the Northern States. Haryana and Jammu and Kashmir also witnessed a rise in energy deficits, while Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand witnessed a fall for the year 2010-11 from the previous year, the report said.
It said the role of nuclear energy in the region was growing, with Rajasthan receiving the highest share of capacity addition (6.7 per cent) as a percentage of the total in 2010-11.
The CII report said transmission and distribution (T&D) losses had reduced in most States, with Delhi, Chandigarh and Himachal registering the sharpest fall from 43.6 per cent, 39.06 per cent and 38.64 per cent in 2005-06 to 18.3 per cent, 17.4 per cent and 18.96 per cent in 2010-11, respectively.
However, the report also noted that all electricity distribution utilities (discoms) in the Northern States were making losses, with the sole exception of Delhi. In absolute terms, discoms in Punjab and Rajasthan were making the highest losses.
Within the Northern region, thermal continues to remain the dominant source of power – with 60.4 per cent of the total installed generation capacity in the region, followed by hydro (29.9 per cent), while nuclear and renewable energy are yet to make a significant mark.