Rise in smartphone-linked cyber crime seen
Training the police in mobile device forensics needs to be given a lot more emphasis with cyber criminals increasingly using smartphones.
According to Kamlesh Bajaj, CEO, Data Security Council of India, mobile device forensics relates to recovery of digital evidence or data from a mobile device under forensically sound conditions. It is relatively a new field in India, but will increase as the proliferation of smartphones will create a huge demand for forensic examination of the devices.
Today, there are around 900 million mobile phones of which around 10 per cent are smartphones. However, in the next five years, around 50 per cent of devices in use will be smartphones. A large population of this category will access the Internet through smartphones.
Mobile users will be vulnerable to cyber crime as more financial transactions and bookings are done through their devices, Bajaj told Business Line.
The council, which is involved in data protection in India for industry, government, global clients and regulators, has already trained police officials in devising a standard in dealing with mobile forensics. The council conducted a five-day workshop in eight cities, including the metros, he said.
The police should be able to look at the logs of a smartphone, which may contain a lot of data, understand the logs of emails, verify the IP address and identify the source of the IP address. It takes one or two years for a cop to master the work, he said.
Bajaj said that in the last five years, around 22,000 police have been trained to deal with cyber crime. It is important that the police trained should be in this field long enough to understand how it works, and what measures should be taken once a cyber crime is reported.
These officers from State Governments, Central Bureau of Investigation, North East Police Academy and Defence have been trained through eight cyber labs. The model developed by Nasscom and the council with support from the Department of Electronics and Information Technology now forms the basis for a national-level programme of building the capacity of law enforcement agencies.
The Cyber Crime Investigation Programme, a project prepared by the council and approved by the Ministry of Home Affairs, will establish training facilities in all 35 states and Union Territories, he said.