The Supreme Court today directed the Gujarat Government to file a survey report of the religious sites which were damaged and destroyed during the 2002 riots in the state.

A Bench of Mr Justices K.S. Radhakrishnan and Dipak Misra has also asked the State Government to quantify the amount needed for building and repairing those sites that were affected by the riots.

The court gave the directions on an appeal filed by the Gujarat Government challenging a Gujarat High Court order directing it to pay compensation for the damage and destruction of the religious sites.

At the very start of the proceedings, the Gujarat Government said that the state exchequer could not be used for building and repairing religious sites.

The Bench, however, said it would look into the issue whether public funds could be used for restoring the damaged sites.

“You compensate if a house is washed away in a flood or if it is damaged in an earthquake. Then why not in case of a religious place?” the Bench asked.

The court has directed the State Government to file an affidavit with regard to the religious sites affected by the riots and posted the matter for further hearing on July 30.

On February 8, the Gujarat Government was pulled up by the Gujarat High Court for “inaction and negligence” on its part during the 2002 post-Godhra riots that led to large-scale damage or destruction of religious structures.

A High Court Division Bench of Acting Chief Justice, Mr Bhaskar Bhattacharya, and Mr Justice J.B. Pardiwala had ordered compensation for over 500 places of worships in the state on a plea by Islamic Relief Committee of Gujarat (IRCG), an NGO.

The NGO had contended that 535 religious places were affected, out which 37 remain to be repaired.

Challenging the High Court’s order, advocate Mr Tushar Mehta, appearing for the State Ggovernment, contended that Sikh religious groups were also seeking compensation for damage to the religious places during 1984 anti-Sikh riots.

The plea by IRCG in 2003 had sought the court’s direction to the Government to pay compensation for the damage to religious places during the riots on the ground that the National Human Rights Commission, too, had recommended it and the State Government had in-principle accepted the suggestion.

The High Court had observed that inadequacy, inaction and negligence on the part of the State Government to prevent the riots had resulted in religious structures being affected across the state.

(This article was published on July 9, 2012)
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