New Delhi, Nov. 25
Although India is not hopeful of a global deal from the forthcoming climate change negotiations in Cancun, it expects some progress in areas relating to forestry and on a new mechanism to scrutinise the actions taken by developing countries to curb emissions.
The Environment Minister, Mr Jairam Ramesh, said the decisions that will be taken by the 193 countries at Cancun would provide a roadmap for finalising agreements in areas such as forestry, finance and technology transfer mechanism, among others.
Mr Ramesh was speaking at the South Asia Media Briefing Workshop on Climate Change organised by the Centre for Science and Environment.
“We are going into Cancun against a background of failed promises,” Mr Ramesh said, stating that the global debate on climate change has been turned into climate politics.
The fast track finance, assured by the developed nations in Copenhagen last year to help the developing countries adapt to climate change, has failed to materialise. “Of the $30 billion expected, there is clarity only on $7 billion, of which $4 billion is committed to forestry issues,” Mr Ramesh said. The contribution by the US is roughly $1.8 billion, of which $400 million is export credit.
India, Mr Ramesh said, has put forward two new proposals at the recently held pre-COP (Conference of Parties) meet in Mexico City relating to technology transfer and the measurement, reporting and verification of emissions.
Mr Ramesh has suggested setting up a publicly-funded worldwide network of research centres, on the lines of Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, to focus on technology delivery in areas of adaptation.
Besides, India has also put forward a new international mechanism to scrutinise the actions taken by countries to keep their emissions under control. The International Consultation and Analysis will take place under the UN mechanism every two to three years for major emitters, who account for over a per cent of global emissions.
If accepted, this proposal would mean that US, China, India and Russia will have the same level of reporting and scrutiny.