Our Bureau

New Delhi, Nov. 18

THE more you are educated, the more the chances of your remaining unemployed! The latest statistics on Employment and Unemployment Situation In India released by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) reveal that the unemployment rate is indirectly proportionate to the level of education, that is, there are fewer unemployed among the uneducated and that too among youth in the age group of 15 to 29 years.

The NSSO defines unemployment rate as the number of persons unemployed per 1,000persons in the labour force that includes both employed and unemployed.

In short, in rural India, every 187 men out of 1,000 who have completed at least their graduation remain unemployed against every 9 out of 1,000 who are not literate. Similarly, every 386 educated women out of 1,000 remain unemployed as compared to 2 out of 1,000 who are not literate.

The same story repeats itself in urban India where 207 out of every 1,000 men who have completed their graduation or have gone beyond that remain unemployed as against only 10 men out of a 1,000 who are not literate. In case of women, 370 out of 1,000 graduate women remain unemployed in urban India as against none among those who are not literate.

The trend assumes significance because it is on similar lines for those having secondary and higher secondary levels of education.

Every 104 men and 190 women out of 1,000 in rural India who have completed their higher secondary education remain unemployed as against 68 men and 117 women who have studied only up to the secondary level.

In case of urban India, 138 men and 230 women out of a 1,000 remain unemployed as against 103 men and 268 women out of 1,000 who are educated only up to the secondary level.

In total, the trend shows that in both rural and urban India, unemployment rate among the educated was higher than those whose education was lower than secondary. Simultaneously, unemployment rate was much higher for females than for males. The unemployment rate is higher among the youth except for rural females while simultaneously the unemployment rate is higher among educated female youths than among educated male youths.

(This article was published in the Business Line print edition dated November 19, 2005)
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