Companies

Zydus Cadila gets Emergency Use nod for ‘Virafin’ to treat moderate Covid-19

Our Bureau Ahmedabd | Updated on April 23, 2021

Company claims the treatment reduces the hours of supplemental oxygen in the patients

Cadila Healthcare Limited (Zydus Cadila) has received Restricted Emergency Use Approval from the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for the use of ‘Virafin’, Pegylated Interferon alpha-2b (PegIFN) in treating moderate Covid-19 infection in adults.

Announcing the development, the company informed that the single dose subcutaneous regimen of the antiviral Virafin will make the treatment more convenient for the patients.

“When administered early on during Covid, Virafin will help patients recover faster and avoid much of the complications,” it said.

Virafin will be available on the prescription of medical specialist for use in hospital/institutional set-up.

In the multi-centric trial conducted in 20-25 centres across India, Virafin had shown lesser need for supplemental oxygen, clearly indicating that it was able to control respiratory distress and failure which has been one of the major challenges in treating Covid-19.

The drug has also shown efficacy against other viral infections.

Sharvil Patel, Managing Director, Cadila Healthcare Limited, said, “It comes at a much-needed time for patients and we will continue to provide them access to critical therapies in this battle against Covid-19.”

In its Phase-III clinical trials, the therapy had shown better clinical improvement in the patients suffering from Covid-19.

During the trials, a higher proportion of patients administered with PegIFN arm were RT PCR negative by day 7.

The drug ensures faster viral clearance and has several add-on advantages compared to other anti-viral agents.

Type-I interferons are body’s first line of defence against many viral infections and Pegylated Interferon alpha-2b has been used to treat these infections successfully.

Interferon alpha has also been implicated as crucial in the protection against SARS-CoV-2 in the recent publications in the leading journal Science.

Furthermore, ageing reduces the body’s ability to produce Interferon Alpha in response to viral infections and may be associated with the higher mortality observed with Covid-19 in elderly patients. Virafin when given early on during infection can replace this deficiency and aid a faster recovery process.

“Zydus acknowledges the support of BIRAC, in the development of Virafin for the treatment of Covid-19,” it said.

Phase-III trials

Sharing the Phase-III trial outcome, company stated that the trials demonstrated that a higher proportion of patients in the PegIFN arm showed a two point statistically significant clinical improvement (WHO 7-point ORDINAL SCALE) on day 8 as compared to the Standard of Care (SOC arm) (80.36 per cent vs 68.18 per cent).

Clinically, the hours of supplemental oxygen required was significantly lesser in the PegIFN arm and as well as the time to resolution of signs and symptoms as compared to the SOC arm (5 days vs 6 days).

The findings are in line with recently reported importance of early IFN treatment in the treatment of Covid-19 (Lu et al, Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy (2021) 6:107)- a Nature publication.

Earlier, the Phase II clinical trials study established the early safety, efficacy and tolerability of Virafin and indicated that Pegylated Interferon alpha-2b had significant statistical clinical impact on the patient suffering from moderate Covid-19 disease by reducing their viral load helping in better disease management such as reduced duration of oxygen support, the company stated.

Published on April 23, 2021

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