Data Track

Long road to lower emissions

Annapurani. V | Updated on December 21, 2020

Its five years since the Paris Agreement was signed to keep the global increase in temperature this century to 2°C (preferably 1.5°C). But how close are we to the goal?

  • Our Earth is warmer by 1°C since the pre-industrial period (1850-1900) and the global average temperature is increasing at the rate of 0.2°C per decade
  • The Emissions Gap Report 2020 released by the United Nations Environment Programme estimates that the 2020 global CO2 emissions could drop 7 per cent below 2019 levels due to Covid-19
  • However, it also states that the world will be warmer by 3.2°C by the end of the century.
  • As of 2019, China, the US, the European Union and the UK, India and Russia alone accounted for nearly 64 per cent of the global CO2 emissions
  • The Climate Action Tracker's projections and the resulting emission gaps as of September indicate that to bring down the temperature increase to 1.5°C, the higher end of carbon emissions should be 27.5 gigatonnes in 2030, which is nearly half of the emissions estimated based on the pledges and targets submitted by nations
  • Only Suriname and Bhutan have so far achieved net zero emissions, as per the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit's Net Zero Tracker
  • However, as of November, according to the UN, Japan, the UK, the Republic of Korea, and 110 other countries, have pledged carbon neutrality (net zero carbon dioxide emissions) by 2050.
Published on December 21, 2020

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