Jeera, or cumin prices have touched an unprecedented level of ₹39,765 a quintal from ₹36,000 a quintal logged in early this month on worries of crop damage due to unfavourable climatic conditions.
Jeera is one of the most widely used spices in Indian cuisine and is a major export commodity. India accounts for more than 70 per cent of global production and trade. Jeera prices have soared to unprecedented levels due to a combination of factors that have adversely affected the crop.
One of the reasons for the price hike is the unfavourable weather conditions that have prevailed in the major jeera-growing states of Gujarat and Rajasthan since early March, said a Kedia Advisory report.
The prolonged dry spell followed by unseasonal rains and hailstorms has damaged the crop at various stages of growth and development, resulting in lower yields and poor quality, it added
According to market sources, the total size of the domestic jeera crop, which was estimated to be 70 lakh bags (3.85 lakh quintal) at the beginning of the season, is now expected to be only about 50 lakh bags (or 2.75 lakh quintal). This is a significant drop from last year’s output of 88 lakh bags (4.84 lakh quintal).
The lower production has also affected the arrival of jeera in the physical markets. Normally, jeera arrivals peak in April, but this year, they have been very low and have declined by more than 50 per cent compared to the same period last year.
The tight supply situation has created a strong demand for jeera from both domestic and export buyers, who are willing to pay higher prices to secure their stocks, it said.
The outlook for jeera prices remains bullish in the near term, as the demand-supply gap is likely to widen further. The domestic consumption of jeera is expected to increase during the upcoming festive season, while the export demand is also strong from countries such as China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Middle East.
Moreover, the global supply of jeera is also limited, as other major producers like Syria and Turkey have also faced crop losses due to political unrest and weather issues. Therefore, jeera prices may continue to rise until the next crop arrives in February-March next year, said the report.