Economy

India braces for shock GDP as Centre scrambles to spur economy

Bloomberg New Delhi | Updated on November 29, 2019 Published on November 29, 2019

The NBFC crisis, weak rural spending and a global slowdown have brought down growth steadily.

The bad news is getting worse for India’s economy and Prime Minister Narendra Modi is exhausting all options to stem the fallout.

Data on Friday will likely show that India’s economy had its weakest performance last quarter in more than six years, with the growth rate dropping below the symbolically important 5 per cent mark. It is a culmination of several months of downbeat figures, from plunging car sales to shrinking factory output and an export slump.

Also read: Half full or half empty, the glass needs to fill

Having left much of the stimulus burden to the Reserve Bank of India early this year, Modi is now taking bolder steps to reverse the decline. In recent months, the government has slashed corporate taxes, set up a special real-estate fund, merged banks and announced the biggest privatisation drive in more than a decade. While authorities are committed to doing more, the policy room may be narrowing.

Also read: More worries for govt as Q2 GDP growth likely to be below 5%

“Domestic demand is displaying chronic weakness, with an apparent credit crunch afflicting wide swaths of the economy,” said Taimur Baig, chief economist at DBS Group Holdings Ltd in Singapore. “Production and sales are under pressure, and public spending is running out of room due to poor tax collection.”

Friday’s eagerly awaited data will probably show Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew 4.5 per cent in the July-September period from a year ago, according to the median estimate of 41 economists surveyed by Bloomberg. That would be the slowest pace since the March quarter of 2013.

India was the world’s fastest-growing economy until last year, posting quarterly growth rates of as high of 9.4 per cent in 2016. A crisis among shadow banks — a key source of funding for small businesses and consumers — weak rural spending and a global slowdown have since conspired to bring down growth steadily.

The nature of the slowdown is broad-based, with consumption as well as investment oriented sectors feeling the pain, said Indranil Pan, chief economist at IDFC First Bank Ltd in Mumbai. Continuing poor domestic sentiment along with the lack of any demand uptake globally would ensure that any recovery process would only be gradual.

‘Onus is on the government’

The RBI has already cut interest rates by 135 basis points this year to the lowest since 2009, with more easing to come. It is expected to look through the recent breach of its 4 per cent medium-term inflation target and deliver another rate cut on December 5.

“The onus is on the government to do the heavy lifting,” said Devendra Pant, chief economist of India Ratings and Research, a local unit of Fitch Ratings Ltd. He expects the government will miss this year’s fiscal deficit target of 3.3 per cent of GDP as it boosts spending while tax revenue falters.

The weak growth outlook and interest-rate cuts are weighing on the rupee, the worst performing currency in emerging Asia this quarter.

More support likely

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said this week she is not closing the door on additional steps to support the economy. She posted several times about the economy on Twitter on Thursday, saying macroeconomic fundamentals are strong.

Also read: Growth may have slowed, but there’s no recession, says Nirmala Sitharaman

There is growing clamour for more tax cuts, this time for individuals and on equities. Indian stocks touched a record high this week as investors pumped in money on speculation of more stimulus measures.

“It’s a deep cyclical slowdown that the economy has gone into,” Chetan Ahya, chief economist at Morgan Stanley, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television. “The economy has been hit by several shocks in recent years -- from the taper tantrum in 2013 to demonetization in 2016 and this years trade war -- making a strong rebound difficult, he said.”

“As the global recovery comes through, India’s economy will be on the map finally, he said.

Published on November 29, 2019
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