The profitability of oil marketing companies (OMCs) will be stretched in the current financial year, ending March 2023, even as international prices of crude oil have softened from the historic highs in March and April 2022, diluting their marketing losses.
Moody’s Investor Service in a report said that as international prices of gasoline (petrol) and gasoil (diesel) cool on economic slowdown concerns, marketing losses will ease for the three state-owned refining and marketing companies—Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation (HPCL).
“Still, overall earnings for FY23, ending on March 31, 2023, will be weak because of marketing losses in the first half, when net realized prices did not increase as much as international prices because of fuel price caps. The rupee’s depreciation against the US dollar further hit profits as oil prices and a large portion of refiners’ borrowings are in dollars,” it added.
Rising interest rates and concerns of an economic slowdown have weakened demand for oil products and cooled international prices of transportation fuels. As a result, marketing margins for IOC, BPCL and HPCL have turned positive for gasoline while marketing losses on gasoil have narrowed, it noted.
Significant marketing losses earlier in the year will drag on earnings for the OMCs in FY23. Net realised prices for gasoline and gasoil, which account for almost 55-60 per cent of product sales for the three companies, did not increase at the same pace as international prices, resulting in EBITDA losses for the six months through September 2022, Moody’s said.
“Despite the recent improvement, marketing margins remain below historical levels. We expect marketing margins to normalise only when the refining and marketing companies’ net realised prices for gasoline and gasoil are allowed to freely align with international prices. This will likely happen only in 2024 after the conclusion of general elections in India,” it added.
Moody’s pointed out that a lack of clarity on fuel pricing in India is credit negative for the refining and marketing sector. If companies continue to incur losses from fuel price controls and are not compensated by the government in a timely and predictable fashion, their fundamental credit quality will weaken. However, their final ratings will likely remain unchanged because of a high likelihood of extraordinary government support incorporated in their ratings.