Economy

Retail depositors earn a negative return; relook taxation on interest earned: SBI economists

PTI Mumbai | Updated on September 21, 2021

The note suggests revisiting taxation of bank deposit interest, or at least increasing the threshold of exemption for senior citizens,

Retail depositors are earning negative returns on their bank deposits and hence, there is a need for reviewing taxes on interest earned, economists at the country's largest lender SBI have said.

If not for all the depositors, the taxation review should be carried out for at least the deposits made by senior citizens who depend on the interest for their daily needs, the economists led by Soumya Kanti Ghosh said in a note, which pegged the overall retail deposits in the system at ₹102 lakh crore.

At present, banks deduct tax at source at the time of crediting interest income of over ₹40,000 for all the depositors, while for senior citizens the taxes set-in if the income exceeds ₹50,000 per year. The interest rates are going down in the system which pinches a depositor as the policy focus has shifted to growth.

Negative real rate of return

"Clearly, real rate of return on bank deposits has been negative for a sizeable period of time and with RBI making it abundantly clear that supporting growth is the primary goal, the low banking rate of interest is unlikely to make a north bound movement anytime soon as liquidity continues to be plentiful," the note said.

It said, the current bull run in financial markets is possibly a break from the past as households may have got into the bandwagon of self-fulfilling prophecy of a decent return on their investment.

"We thus believe, it is now the opportune time to revisit the taxation of interest on bank deposits, or at least increasing the threshold of exemption for senior citizens," the note said.

The RBI can also relook at the regulation that does not allow interest rates of banks to be determined as per age-wise demographics, it said.

Margin pressure for banks

Meanwhile, the note also said that banks are facing "significant margin pressures" at present because of the excess liquidity in the system.

A back-of-the-envelope estimate suggests that the core funding cost of the banking system that includes cost of deposits, negative carry on SLR (statutory liquidity ratio) and CRR (cash reserve ratio), and return on assets is currently at 6 per cent, while the reverse repo rate is at 3.35 per cent. Additionally, if we add the cost of provisions to the core funding cost, the total cost comes to around 12 per cent, it said.

It can be noted that at present, banks are lending for as low as under 7 per cent for retail loans and have been public with their preference to lend to highly-rated corporate borrowers, where the lending rates get very competitive.

Published on September 21, 2021

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