US says India paid bigger cotton subsidies than WTO

Reuters Geneva | Updated on November 12, 2018 Published on November 12, 2018


India has paid out far more in cotton subsidies than the World Trade Organization allows, with payments “vastly in excess” of what it had officially declared, the United States said in a filing to the trade watchdog on Monday.

The U.S. assessment of India's market price support (MPS) for cotton said New Delhi was allowed to pay out up to 10 per cent of the value of production, but the actual figure had ranged from 53 per cent to 81 percent since 2010.

“It appears that India provides MPS for cotton vastly in excess of what it has reported to the WTO,” the US filing said.

Commerce Ministry officials declined to make an immediate comment on the US document, but India has previously dismissed the allegations .

Along with more than 45 countries, India has demanded that MPS should be calculated by using the recent reference period instead of 1986/88 prices, which was built into the equation at the creation of the WTO, said a government official, who declined to be named.

While Indias calculations are based on dollar terms, the US calculations are based on local currency, said the official, who has direct knowledge of the trade negotiations.

The U.S. filing is the latest in a series of analyses of publicly available data that Washington has submitted to the WTO, each one setting out apparent breaches of WTO rules that are hiding in plain sight. Previous submissions have targeted China and Vietnam as well as India.

“The United States is providing this information to other (WTO) Members in the interest of promoting transparency surrounding India's MPS policies,” the filing said. “This document is for the purpose of discussion by World Trade Organization Members.”

India has been the second-largest cotton producer since 2006, behind China, and the second-largest exporter since 2007, the document said.

The US filing said that for the 2015/16 marketing year, India had notified market price support of $18 million, which was about Rs 1.2 billion , but the US estimated that the correct figure was Rs 504 billion.

In 2016/17, India had not notified any MPS, but the US calculated the correct level at around Rs 557 billion.

“The United States looks forward to future discussion of the significance of Indias MPS for cotton for both Indias market and for world markets both with India and with other Members,” it said.

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Published on November 12, 2018
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