India reported 52,974 cases of cybercrime in 2021, an increase of over 5 per cent from 2020 (50,035 cases) and over 15 per cent from 2019 (44,735 cases), according to the latest government data.

Over 70 per cent of the cybercrime cases were reported from Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Assam, the National Crime Records Bureau's (NCRB) 'Crime In India – 2021' report showed.

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The average rate of cybercrime incidents (per one lakh population) was recorded at 3.9 in 2021, stated the NCRB, which functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The charge-sheeting rate in cybercrime cases in 2021 was recorded at 33.8 per cent, the report showed, suggesting that police probe was completed only in one-third of the cases registered across the country.

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Fraud was the motive in 60.8 per cent (32,230) of the cybercrime cases, followed by sexual exploitation in 8.6 per cent (4,555) cases and extortion in 5.4 per cent (2,883) cases, according to the report.

Among the states and union territories, the highest number of cybercrime cases was reported from Telangana (10,303), followed by Uttar Pradesh (8,829), Karnataka (8,136), Maharashtra (5,562) and Assam (4,846), while Delhi lodged 356 such offences.

The rate of cybercrime was the highest in Telangana (27), followed by Assam (13.8), Karnataka (12.1), Uttarakhand (6.3) and Maharashtra (4.5). Delhi's rate for such offences was 1.7, according to the NCRB.

Of the cyber offences reported across the country, 4,071 were incidents of identity theft, 11,422 of cheating by impersonation, and over 9,000 cases of publishing or transmitting obscene, sexual content.

There were also 55 cases related to tampering with computer source documents and 648 of ransomware, the report showed.

Another 1,176 cases were registered under the category of 'cyber stalking or bullying of children and women', 170 under 'data theft', and 1,624 'fraud – debit/credit card', among others, it said.

A total of 15 cases of 'cyber terrorism' were lodged across the country in 2021, with three each in Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and one each in Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Punjab, Telangana, Uttarakhand, the NCRB stated.

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