Forex

‘Exchange rate movement increases the vulnerability of emerging market firms’

PTI New Delhi | Updated on October 24, 2018 Published on October 24, 2018
A drop in US bond yields on Wednesday pressured the dollar. File Photo

Exchange rate movement increases the vulnerability of firms from emerging market economies, including India, which have used the proceeds of dollar bond to fund financial assets.

Foreign currency borrowing helps emerging market economies to tap diverse funding sources. However, in case of currency depreciation, there are “adverse balance sheet valuation effects” on borrowers, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) said in a report.

It further noted that the dollar bond issuance by emerging market firms are similar to trade-like transactions that leave them vulnerable in an “environment of dollar strength’’. The findings of the report come at a time when the domestic currency is witnessing a rough period amid soaring interest rates in the US and rising crude oil prices. The local unit is, currently, hovering around 73 per US dollar.

The MSCI Emerging Market Index dropped by about 35 per cent from mid 2014 to January-end 2016, indicating a period of financial turbulence for emerging market economies firms. This was a period when the US dollar strengthened against emerging market currencies, putting a strain on companies which had borrowed in dollars during the earlier period when dollar credit was more accommodative.

According to the latest BIS estimate, the total stock of US dollar-denominated debt of non-banks outside the US stood at $11.4 trillion, out of which non-banks from emerging market economies accounted for $3.7 trillion.

“Exchange rate movements precipitate the vulnerability of emerging market economies’ firms which have used the proceeds of dollar bond issuance to fund financial assets, including cash in local currency,” the report said.

Published on October 24, 2018
This article is closed for comments.
Please Email the Editor