Money & Banking

Over 1 crore retail borrowers of NBFCs yet to benefit from three-month moratorium on loan repayments

Our Bureau Mumbai | Updated on April 11, 2020

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The provision was announced by the RBI under its ‘Covid-19 – Regulatory Package’

More than one crore retail borrowers of non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) have not yet been able to benefit from the three-month moratorium on loan repayments, announced by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under its ‘Covid-19 – Regulatory Package’, credit rating agency CRISIL said in its credit alert.

That’s because NBFCs, which gave the loans, have already securitised them – that is, pooled future receivables or repayments into pass-through-certificates (PTCs) and sold them to investors such as banks, NBFCs, mutual funds, insurers and high-networth individuals.

CRISIL estimated that one crore borrowers, whose loans were packaged into PTCs through about 700 transactions, would be significantly impacted.

As per the credit alert, these investors are yet to approve the moratorium on underlying loans and reschedule most PTC repayments because they don’t have clarity on the impact such a move will have on the valuation of their investments.

As per current rules, any rescheduling will force reclassification of the investments as ‘restructured’. That would raise provisioning requirements and cost, and impact marked-to-market (MTM) valuations.

 

While a revision in securitised loan repayments, because of moratorium, would be as per the RBI’s guidance, and the resultant change in PTC repayment schedules in line with the pass-through nature of such transactions, ambiguity persists on both provisioning and valuation, CRISIL said in a note.

Krishnan Sitaraman, Senior Director, CRISIL Ratings, said even if a moratorium is not granted, MTM losses and provisioning costs on many securitisation transactions could rise because the credit enhancements on them would deplete substantially over the next two months, and reduce the cushion available to absorb future credit losses.

“Any erosion in the credit quality of PTCs would trigger a downgrade in their rating, affecting valuations and provisioning requirements. So not granting a moratorium will not address the valuation or provisioning concerns adequately, but it would considerably increase the financial burden of the borrowers,” said Sitaraman.

The alert cautioned that if the current stalemate continues and rating downgrades and defaults increase materially, securitisation transactions can decline, which would affect a significant funding source of NBFCs.

Rohit Inamdar, Senior Director, CRISIL Ratings, said, “Any further delay by PTC holders in extending moratorium to securitised loans could add to the financial hardship of borrowers in a difficult environment. The date for repayment instalments are typically in the first half of the month and NBFCs will have to debit borrower accounts. If there is no moratorium, they will need extensive efforts to collect dues.”

CRISIL said it is closely monitoring the market developments and their impact on all its rated securitised instruments, and will take suitable rating actions as appropriate.

Published on April 11, 2020

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