Money & Banking

RBI plans to purchase, sell G-secs worth ₹10,000 cr each on Monday

Our Bureau Mumbai | Updated on December 27, 2019 Published on December 26, 2019

The Reserve Bank of India will conduct its second special open market operation (OMO), entailing purchase of a long-dated Government of India Security (GSec) and sale of four short-dated GSecs for ₹10,000 crore each on December 30.

This OMO, which market players call ‘Operation Twist’, is expected to further soften the yields of long-term GSecs. The first special OMO was held on December 23. After thist OMO, yields had softened a bit at the long-end of the GSec market.

In the latest round of special OMO, the RBI will purchase the GSec maturing in 2029 and carrying a coupon of 6.45 per cent for ₹10,000 crore under the multiple price auction method. It had purchased the same security in the last OMO.

The Reserve Bank will simultaneously sell four GSecs all maturing in 2020 but carrying four different coupon rates – 6.65 per cent, 7.80 per cent, 8.27 per cent and 8.12 per cent – under the multiple price auction method. The central bank had sold these securities in the last OMO also.

When the RBI does an OMO purchase, it infuses liquidity into the financial system. But when it does OMO sale, the central bank absorbs liquidity. If it does simultaneous OMO purchase and sale, then for the same amount then there is no effect on liquidity, but the yields could either go down or up. GSec yield and price move in opposite directions.

The ‘Operation Twist’ comes in the backdrop of the RBI maintaining a status quo on the policy repo rate at the fifth bi-monthly monetary policy review as against market expectation of a rate cut and G-Sec yields consequently going up.

At the special Open Market Operation (OMO) for purchase of the 10-year benchmark GSec on December 23, the RBI received 161 bids aggregating ₹20,826 crore against the notified amount of ₹10,000 crore.

The central bank accepted 145 bids for the notified amount at 6.5462 per cent cut-off yield and ₹99.30 cut-off price.

At the special OMO for sale of four GSecs (all maturing in 2020 but carrying different coupon rates – 6.65 per cent, 7.80 per cent, 8.27 per cent and 8.12 per cent), the RBI received bids aggregating ₹20,330 crore against the notified amount of ₹10,000 crore. But the central bank accepted bids for ₹6,825 crore.

Market players say the RBI may have conducted the special OMO to cool the yields at the long end as there is a possibility that the Central government may go in for additional borrowing if the Goods and Service Tax (GST) collections and resource raising via disinvestment fall short of the target.

Published on December 26, 2019
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