Navigation satellite launch fails after technical glitch: ISRO

Venkatesan R | | Updated on: Jan 09, 2018

pslv c-39

India’s mission to place a navigation satellite into space failed today after the spacecraft carrying it suffered a technical fault on the final leg after a perfect launch.

The setback, India’s first after 39 successful missions, was all the more significant because the private sector was involved in the assembly of the spacecraft for the first time in the country’s space programme.

Describing the failed mission as a “mishap”, ISRO Chairman Kiran Kumar said the heat shield did not separate on the final leg of the launch sequence. As a result, the IRNSS- 1H, a backup navigation satellite, got stuck in the fourth stage of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle — PSLV-C39.

“Today the launch mission has not succeeded. While all the systems of the launch vehicle performed extremely well, we had a mishap. Heat shield has not separated,” Kumar said shortly after the satellite’s equipment failed to disjoin as scheduled about 20 minutes after the lift-off.

The eighth satellite was a back-up navigation satellite for IRNSS-1A, one of the seven satellites in the constellation, as its three rubidium atomic clocks on board had stopped functioning.

For the first time, the private sector has been actively involved in assembling and testing of a satellite unlike earlier where its role was limited to supplying components.

Today’s setback is considered a rare failure in India’s space mission involving the PSLV, dubbed as Indian Space Research Organization’s workhorse which has had a time-tested record of 39 consecutive successful launches ever since its maiden flight failed 24 years ago.

On September 20, 1993, the first development flight PSLV-D1 was unsuccessful in launching the IRS-1E remote sensing satellite into orbit.

Today’s PSLV launch was the third this year with everything appearing normal since the lift-off at 7 pm till the rocket reached the fourth stage where it was supposed to inject the satellite into orbit.

However, the expected sequence did not happen and the mission director and other senior ISRO scientists were seen in a sombre mood, indicating all was not well.

After the mission director declared that the heat shield had not separated, Kumar officially announced that the mission was unsuccessful.

“We are looking into the details of what has happened and we will do the analysis and subsequently come back with the details,” Kumar later told reporters.

At this point of time, the basic thing was that all aspects — the launch vehicle, first stage, second stage, third stage, fourth stage, separation part and all the events performed normally, he said.

“Because the heat shield is not separated, the satellite remains inside the fourth stage and even satellite separation also we could see from the camera images that the satellite is moving inside the enclosure. So, this mission has been an unsuccessful mission,” Kumar said.

Earlier, at the end of the 29-hour countdown that began yesterday, the 44-metre tall PSLV-C39 lifted off majestically from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at this spaceport, about 100 km from Chennai.

ISRO had earlier launched seven satellites — IRNSS-1G on April 28, 2016, IRNSS-1F (March 10, 2016), IRNSS-1E (January 20, 2016), IRNSS-1D (March 28, 2015), IRNSS-1C (October 16, 2014), IRNSS-1B (April 4, 2014) and IRNSS-1A on July 1, 2013.

According to ISRO, the total cost of all the seven satellites was estimated at Rs 1,420 crore.

The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) is an independent regional navigation satellite system developed by India on par with US—based GPS. Russia has ’Glonass’, while ‘Galileo’ is by Europe.

These satellites offer services like terrestrial and marine navigation, disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, navigation aid for hikers and travellers, visual and voice navigation for drivers.

This constellation was earlier named ‘NavIC’ (Navigation with Indian Constellation) by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The NavIC system has many uses including for fishermen venturing into sea, guiding merchant ships to navigate, tracking of railway movement and alerting road users near unmanned level crossings.

Published on August 31, 2017
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