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UNSC holds emergency session on Somalia’s political crisis

PTI United Nations | Updated on September 18, 2021

Three decades of chaos, from warlords to al-Qaida affiliate al-Shabab and the emergence of an Islamic State-linked group, have ripped apart the country

The UN Security Council held emergency consultations Friday on Somalia’s worsening political crisis, which could threaten long-delayed national elections and further destabilise the east Africa region.

Britain’s UN Ambassador, Barbara Woodward, who called for the closed briefing by UN special envoy James Swan, expressed serious concern about “the rising tensions between the prime minister and the president.” The meeting followed President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed’s statement on Thursday saying he suspended Prime Minister Mohammed Hussein Roble’s power to hire and fire officials, the latest action in their increasingly divisive relationship.

Woodward said the increasing tensions have implications for the electoral process and could lead to a constitutional crisis on top of the country’s other challenges from Al-Shabab extremists to famine, locusts and hunger.

Three decades of chaos, from warlords to al-Qaida affiliate al-Shabab and the emergence of an Islamic State-linked group, have ripped apart the country that has only begin to find its footing in the past few years.

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Woodward said the Security Council should keep up pressure to put the electoral process back on track and “to see the prime minister and the president resolve their differences quickly ... to ensure the security, peace and stability Somalia needs.”

Draft press statement

Council members were considering a draft press statement, obtained by The Associated Press, that would express “deep concern about the ongoing disagreement within the Somali government and the negative impact on the electoral timetable and process.” It would urge all parties “to resolve their differences through dialogue” and prioritize the holding of elections in accordance with a May 27 agreement stipulating that indirect elections be held this year.

The draft statement would also urge the federal government and regional states “to ensure that any political differences do not divert from united action against al-Shabab.” Britain’s Woodward said it was clear from Swan’s briefing that shuttle diplomacy is taking place to try to resolve the differences between the president and prime minister.

Election trouble

“But the fact is, and we also made this clear, this is a very dangerous distraction from the primary task of going ahead with the elections,” she said. “The risks for the Somali people, the risks for giving Al-Shabab more room are very high indeed. So, we want to move out of this situation as soon as possible and resolve it.” Pressure has grown on president Mohamed since scheduled elections on February 8 failed to take place due to a lack of agreement on how the vote should be carried out.

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Talks between the federal government and regional leaders that began in March broke down in early April. At the president’s request, the lower house of parliament then adopted a special law that extended the terms of current office holders for two years and abandoned the Sept. 17, 2020, agreement on indirect elections, reverting instead to a one-person, one-vote model.

Violent clashes

Those decisions sparked widespread opposition, leading to the mobilisation of militias, exposing divisions within Somali security forces, and resulting in violent clashes on April 25.

Afer the clashes, president Mohamed on May 1 asked the lower house of the parliament to reverse its actions that included extending his mandate for two years.

He asked lawmakers to back the agreement the federal government reached with regional states on September 17, 2020, on a way forward for the vote, and he asked prime minister Roble to lead election preparations and the related security measures. This led to the May 27 agreement on holding indirect elections this year.

UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said Friday that as Somalis mark the one-year anniversary of the Sept. 17 agreement, the UN and its international partners “are increasingly alarmed that the escalating dispute between the president and prime minister will undermine Somalia’s stability and derail the electoral process.”

Published on September 18, 2021

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