The US is doubling the fine for people who break the rule requiring masks on planes, trains and other forms of public transit to slow the spread of Covid-19, with President Joe Biden warning Thursday that violators should “be prepared to pay.”

First-time offenders would face a potential fine of $500-1,000 and second-time offenders could pay $1,000-3,000 under rules that the Transportation Security Administration said will go into effect Friday. The fine currently starts at $250 and can go up to $1,500 for repeat offenders.

Also read: US not in a rush to recognize Taliban govt: White House

“If you break the rules, be prepared to pay,” Biden said as he announced the increase during a speech outlining sweeping new federal vaccine requirements as part of an effort to increase Covid-19 vaccinations and curb the surging delta variant. The president also rebuked people who have been taking out their anger about the mask requirement on flight crews.

“And by the way, show some respect,” he said. “The anger you see on television toward flight attendants and others doing their job is wrong. It’s ugly.” The mask mandate has been controversial and has led to many tense encounters between passengers who don’t want to wear a mask and flight attendants asked to enforce the rule.

The Federal Aviation Administration said last month that airlines have reported 3,889 incidents involving unruly passengers this year, and 2,867 – or 74 per cent – involved refusing to wear a mask. The rule requiring masks on planes and all public transit will remain in effect until at least January 18, the Department of Homeland Security said.

Also read: Oil eases after rally, decline in U.S. output limits losses

DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas said masks will be required “as long as necessary” to protect public health amid the pandemic. The mask order, based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for responding to the pandemic, was first issued on January 29, days after Biden took office.

Before that, airlines had their own requirements for face coverings but former President Donald Trump’s administration had declined to make it a federal rule.