India's foreign exchange reserves jumped $4.307 billion to touch a new lifetime high of $655.817 billion during the week that ended June 7, official data from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) showed.

The reserves have been rising on and off for a long time now. So far in 2024, they have risen over $30 billion, on a cumulative basis.

According to the latest data released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), India's foreign currency assets (FCA), the biggest component of the forex reserves, rose by $3.773 billion to $576.337 billion.

Gold reserves during the week rose by $481 million to $56.982 billion

.India's foreign exchange reserves are now sufficient to cover around 11 months of projected imports, according to a recent RBI report.

In the calendar year 2023, the RBI added about $58 billion to its foreign exchange kitty. In 2022, India's forex kitty slumped by $71 billion cumulatively.

Forex reserves, or foreign exchange reserves (FX reserves), are assets that are held by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. It is generally held in reserve currencies, usually the US Dollar and, to a lesser degree, the Euro, Japanese Yen, and Pound Sterling.

The country's foreign exchange reserves last touched their all-time high in October 2021. Much of the decline after that can be attributed to a rise in the cost of imported goods in 2022.

Also, the relative fall in forex reserves could be linked to the RBI's intervention, from time to time, in the market to defend the uneven depreciation in the rupee against a surging US dollar.

Typically, the RBI, from time to time, intervenes in the market through liquidity management, including through the sale of dollars, to prevent a steep depreciation in the rupee.

The RBI closely monitors the foreign exchange markets and intervenes only to maintain orderly market conditions by containing excessive volatility in the exchange rate, without reference to any pre-determined target level or band.