Around 200 migrants die in road accidents during lockdown; UP records highest toll

Prashasti Awasthi Mumbai | Updated on June 03, 2020

As per data compiled by the SaveLIFE Foundation, a non-profit aims to save lives on roads in India, there were at least 1,461 road crashes over the course of the nation-wide lockdown between March 25 and May 31.

At least 750 people were killed including 198 migrant workers headed home. Around 1,390 persons were reported injured in the crashes. The data has been compiled using media-tracking and multi-source verification.

Uttar Pradesh accounted for over 30 per cent (245) of the total deaths followed by Telangana (56), Madhya Pradesh (56), Bihar (43), Punjab (38) and Maharashtra (36).

Further analysis by the NGO reveals that around 27 per cent of the victims were migrant workers whereas 5 per cent were essential workers like police, doctors, and others. 68 per cent of the overall deaths involved pedestrians, two-wheelers, and three-wheelers – categorized as Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs).

Since the lockdown began, nearly 200 migrant workers have lost their lives while walking, cycling back home, traveling in HMVs and LMV commercial vehicles, and in mass fatality crashes involving state-organized buses, the report added.

One of the recurring reasons for mass casualties in most of the incidents was speeding and driver fatigue due to continuous driving on tenuous routes.

The top five states that reported road crash deaths of migrant workers are Uttar Pradesh (94), Madhya Pradesh (38), Bihar (16), Telangana (11), and Maharashtra (9).

Out of the four phases of lockdown, phase 4 was the deadliest overall, whereas phase 3 was the deadliest in particular for migrant workers. Phase 3 reported 60 per cent of all migrant deaths in road crashes during lockdown followed by phase 4 with 19 per cent of total migrant deaths reported in the media, as per the SaveLIFE Foundation report.

Commenting on the same, Piyush Tewari, Founder and CEO, SaveLIFE Foundation said in an official statement: “With Covid-19 still very much around, we simply can’t afford to burden our already over-burdened healthcare system with road crash-related trauma. The data collated by us suggests that there has been a surge in road crashes with the lifting of the restrictions across the states in Phase 3 and Phase 4. It is critical that States enhance enforcement to prevent road crashes and the citizens inculcate essential safety habits for the road like they did for personal hygiene during the lockdown.”

According to media reports tracked, vehicle-on-vehicle collisions constituted the highest crash configuration with 43 per cent of all road crash deaths. In 15 per cent cases, speeding was highlighted as a factor, though it is likely that speeding was involved in most fatal crashes though not highlighted in the media reports tracked.

Pedestrian rundowns constituted 9 per cent of the total death toll, indicating the urgent need for design changes to segregate pedestrian traffic from fast-moving vehicles.

Published on June 03, 2020

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