Promoters’ shareholding in family businesses increasing: ISB study

G Naga Sridhar Hyderabad | Updated on August 07, 2018 Published on August 07, 2018

The concentration of promoters’ shareholding has been increasing in family firms, according to a study conducted by the Indian School of Business (ISB). The study titled `Family Businesses: Promoters’ Skin in the Game 2001-2017’ was conducted by the Thomas Schmidheiny Centre for Family Enterprise at ISB.

While the concentration of promoters’ shareholding is decreasing in non-family firms, it is increasing in the family firms. “By steadily increasing their shareholding in the firm, the promoters of family firms, both family business group firms (FBGFs) and standalone family firms (SFFs), are signalling their growing confidence in the potential of their company,’’ it said.

The promoter stake in state-owned enterprises (SOEs), however, has been steadily falling over the past decade. This is in line with the policies of successive governments to divest their holding in SOEs.

Other business group firms (OBGFs) and standalone non-family firms (NFs) have also witnessed a decrease in promoter shareholding.

In FBGFs, the preferred mode of holding shares is through holding companies, while in SFFs the family members prefer to hold shares directly as individuals or Hindu Undivided Family (HUF).

According to the study, the non-promoter institutional shareholding is lower in family firms when compared to non-family firms, and it has decreased further between 2007 and 2017.

``Except NFs, our study shows a decline in the shareholding of non-promoter non-institutional shareholders. It suggests that investors’ preferences might have further shifted to alternative asset classes such as real estate, gold, and fixed deposits, or they might be investing through institutional investors like mutual funds,’’ ISB said.

The research was conducted by Nupur Pavan Bang, Kavil Ramachandran and Anierudh Vishwanathan of the Thomas Schmidheiny Centre and Sougata Ray of IIM Calcutta.

It was based on an analysis of trends in equity ownership by various classes of shareholders for 4,615 firms listed on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), across different ownership categories for the period 2001- 2017.

Published on August 07, 2018
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