The Supreme Court on Monday referred to a five-judge Constitution bench the suit filed by the Kerala government raising the issue of a ceiling on net borrowing.

A bench of Justices Surya Kant and K V Viswanathan passed the order on the state’s suit, accusing the Centre of interfering in exercising its “exclusive, autonomous and plenary powers” to regulate the state’s finances by imposing a cap on borrowing.

The bench referred to Article 293 of the Constitution, which deals with borrowing by states, and said this provision has not been so far subject to any authoritative interpretation by the apex court.

In an original suit filed under Article 131 of the Constitution, the Kerala government said the Constitution bestows fiscal autonomy upon states to regulate their finances under various articles, and state legislation regulates the borrowing limits or the extent of such borrowings.

Article 131 of the Constitution deals with the apex court’s original jurisdiction in any dispute between the Centre and states.