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US court dismisses plea filed by Nirav Modi, associates

PTI Washington | Updated on October 19, 2021

According to the court order, the petition sought to recover damages for harm inflicted as a result of the six-years of international fraud, money laundering and embezzlement

A bankruptcy court in New York has dismissed a petition of fugitive of diamond merchant Nirav Modi and his associates, seeking dismissal of fraud allegations against them.

The allegations were made by Richard Levin, the court appointed trustee of three US corporations — Firestar Diamond, Fantasy Inc and A Jaffe — indirectly owned by Nirav Modi previously.

Levin had also sought a minimum compensation of $15 million for the “harm” suffered by the debtors of Modi and his associates Mihir Bhansali and Ajay Gandhi.

Denies motion to dismiss

Southern District of New York Bankruptcy Court Judge Sean H Lane issued the order last Friday, in a major blow to the Indian fugitive and his accomplices.

“SDNY Bankruptcy Court Judge Lane in a clear decision denied defendants Modi, Bansali and Gandhi’s motions to dismiss US Trustee Richard Levin’s amended complaint in the adversary proceeding arising out of Modi’s initial Chapter 11 bankruptcy petition, alleging fraud, breach of fiduciary duties, RICO and related state law claims,” said attorney Ravi Batra.

Extensive international fraud

Explaining the 60-page order, Batra said Modi ploughed his profits back into his own company as additional sales to falsely raise the stock price by setting up a scheme to defraud Punjab National Bank and others of over $1 billion.

“To get the ill-gotten funds by bank fraud out of his companies, he engaged in a separate fraud to hide those withdrawals for personal benefit as if they were ordinary business transactions,” Batra said.

According to the court order, Levin’s petition sought to recover damages for harm inflicted by Modi and his two accomplishes on the debtors and their estates as a result of the his six-year extensive international fraud, money laundering and embezzlement scheme.

Defraud banks

The order said, from early 2011 to early 2018, Modi and his associates orchestrated and carried out a scheme to “obtain loans, credits, or other funds under false pretences and without collateral” from numerous banks, including the PNB.

The bank fraud involved the use of letters of undertaking (LoUs), a financial instrument unique to India, designed to facilitate efficient import transactions. Modi and the co-conspirators sought to artificially inflate the import volumes of Modi’s India-based companies with sham transactions so as to obtain more LoU funding, it alleged.

SHell companies

To carry out this scheme, Modi and his co-conspirators used a web of shell companies known as “shadow entities” based in Hong Kong and Dubai that posed as legitimate businesses to create fake import transactions and launder the proceeds, it said.

Also see: Mallya/Nirav Modi fraud cases: Latest recovery of ₹1,850 cr redeems 58% of banks’ losses

The PNB and the other defrauded banks are reported to have lost in excess of $1 billion as a result of the fraud, the judge wrote in his order.

In his petition, Levin listed examples of how Modi, Bhansali and Gandhi directly benefited from fraudulently issued LoUs and were involved in circular transactions until early 2013, when the debtors no longer directly participated in import and export transactions underlying LoU issuances and instead received proceeds indirectly through the “shadow entities”.

Published on October 19, 2021

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