There are two ways to look at the idea of a new India — one seen through slogans and the other on the ground. The latter has been unravelling for many years, not at the speed and intensity we would hope for, but unravelling nevertheless.
One example is Bhubaneswar, which I’ve visited a few times in the last three years. It’s an amazingly clean and green city, with some extraordinary people who are changing lives.
In September 2014, I met Achyuta Samanta who gives quality education totally free to some 22,500 tribal children at the Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) through the Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT) which charges market-rate fees to subsidise the tribal children.From KG to PG
An ordinary chemistry teacher who grew up in abject poverty, Samanta gets tribal children from the remotest corners of Odisha and educates them “from KG to PG, some even go up to PhD”.
In the mammoth KISS dining hall which can seat 10,000 children at a time, it was mind-blowing to watch hundreds of tribal children queuing up quietly, shining steel plates in hand, for lunch which is served to them by the seniors. In the queue I chat with Jayanto Mahji, the son of a labourer from Kalahandi district. “Ma’am, my society is low class, there is no post office, hospital or market in my village,” he says.
But what he didn’t lack were opportunities. The recipient of a scholarship for spoken English from the US government, he had already visited four cities in the US, and was focused on “studying hard to become the first doctor from my village”. He says all this in English, not perfect but functional.
If the sheer scale of what Samanta is doing though private enterprise is mind-boggling, imagine what can be achieved when the government juggernaut moves. As giving opportunities and a future to Odisha’s young through right skills was topmost on Chief Minister Navin Patnaik’s agenda, he managed to get Subroto Bagchi, co-founder and former CEO of IT giant Mindtree, to head the Odisha Skill Development Authority, at the grand annual salary of Rs 1.
“My first salary is due in May,” Bagchi, smiles, briefing me on his new assignment in his sprawling ministerial bungalow — he has cabinet minister status — in Bhubaneswar. He moved from Bengaluru after his stint as Mindtree CEO ended as he is from Odisha and he saw this as an opportunity to make a contribution to the State.
The task before him is to skill 8 lakh young people in three years: “The CM said I’ll give you a completely free hand and you can bring in whomever you want. But I told him this is not my style; I will work with the people here.”Big challenge
Since “I didn’t know anything about my new work”, he spent the first 30 days visiting 30 districts in 45 degrees summer heat, covering 7,700 km and meeting thousands of training institute candidates, government officials and trainers.
The challenge is to do more than skill Odisha’s eight lakh youngsters, and make “skilled in Odisha” a brand or a buzzword. The result is that the ITI and other trainees have got a smart new uniform designed by NIFT, and a totally different taste of training. Believing that skill is actually about human transformation and not just about giving youngsters a skill and then asking them to get a livelihood, his team’s job is to give them self-confidence, along with skills. The problem, he points out, is that in the “whole skill business, Delhi downwards, everybody talks numbers and the human story gets lost. Behind those numbers there are children”.
Under Bagchi’s leadership, in the cramped quarters where large numbers of women were getting trained as sewing machine operators or in ITIs where teachers came in very late, things are changing. He has found role models to tell the ‘Skilled in Odisha’ story. Munitiga, a tribal girl from western Odisha, with seven siblings, was trained at an ITI, and now hauls the Shatabdi Express. “She told me: ‘ Mei Munitiga, mei Indian Railways me loco pilot hu. Mei har roz Bhubaneswar station se Palasa tak Shatabdi Express ko kheench kar leti hu aur wapas le kar aati hu. (I am Munitiga, I am a loco pilot with Indian Railways. Every day, I pull the Shatabdi Express from Bhubaneswar to Palasa and then pull it back.)”
Whether it is Munaram Hansdar, a tribal boy who is now shift-in-charge for the insulin line at Biocon, or Haripriya, who employs 12 women in her boutique in Bhubaneswar, or the smart girls who are retail and hospitality assistants at the Westside Mall in Bengaluru, they are all trained in Odisha. Bagchi’s goal is to take the ‘Skilled in Odisha’ label to the level that will trigger employers coming to Odisha to lock in talent, and ultimately, to build a success model that is worthy of replication.
Skilled in Odisha in a new India… that too sounds good, doesn’t it?