India needs to increase women’s participation in labour markets, build on its experience of its flagship employment scheme and provide social housing for the working poor to tackle unemployment, the ILO said today as it warned of a grim global unemployment situation.
“Decreased labour force participation of women in India is a big problem. It is very important to promote their participation, their involvement in the Indian economy,” the chief of International Labour Organisation’s (ILO) research division Raymond Torres said ahead of their new global unemployment report released today.
“And the second is to continue to build on the experience of Rural Employment Guarantee (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme or MGNREGS). There has been some debate in India recently but it would be a mistake to withdraw this, I think, because it is a very important social programme.
“And the third is to emphasise more social housing, especially, for the working poor. These three factors have to be borne in mind,” he told PTI.
In a beginning-of-the-year report on global employment trends in 2015 that also projected trends for 2016, the ILO said unemployment the world over rose last year and downturns in key emerging economies presented a grim outlook, with the situation expected to worsen further over the next two years.
India’s unemployment rate remained at 3.5 per cent in 2014 and 2015 but will decrease slightly to 3.4 per cent in 2016 and 2017, according to the ILO findings. However, the number of people seeking jobs will increase to 17.6 million people in 2017 from 17.5 million people in both 2015 and 2016.
The global unemployment figure for 2015 stands at a staggering 197.1 million — an addition of 27 million people than the pre-crisis level of 2007 — and is forecast to increase further by about 2.3 million in 2016 to reach a total of 199.4 million unemployed people in the world. It will go up again by 1.1 million people in 2017.
“The global economy is not generating enough jobs to reverse the continuing increase in the alarmingly high unemployment situation in the world,” said the ILO Director General Guy Ryder.
The increase in the number of job seekers in 2015 came mainly from the emerging and developing economies.