Euro hits 3-year high; ECB meet eyed

Reuters London | Updated on January 27, 2018

European shares flat after Tokyo's Nikkei drops over 1 per cent

The euro steadied at a three-year high on Thursday and shares inched back as traders waited to see if the European Central Bank would try to cool the currency's hottest run in nearly four years.Concerns about US protectionism kept the dollar weak after its worst day in six months, but it was the ECB's first meeting of 2018, and when it will end its 2.6 trillion euro stimulus programme, that was attracting attention.

Another challenge facing policymakers is how to address the euro's surge - it hit a three-year high of over $1.24 on Thursday - as this could dampen inflation and endanger the work done by years of unprecedented stimulus. Euro zone bonds were again reducing the premium offered by former debt crisis countries like Greece, Portugal and Spain compared with ultra-safe German debt, but it will be a delicate balancing act for ECB chief Mario Draghi.

Oil prices, which are a major driver of inflation, hit $71 per barrel in Asian trading for the first time since 2014. “The rate of change (in the euro) might make the ECB a little uncomfortable,” said State Street's head of EMEA macro strategy, Tim Graf. “They can't push back too much on the fruits of their success, but you may well get comments around excessive currency volatility.”

Uncertainty about the ECB made for a quiet start for European shares. The pan-European STOXX 600 barely budged as Germany's exporter-heavy DAX index fell 0.2 per cent to offset small gains on London's FTSE and France's CAC 40. Trading updates saw drinks giant Diageo warn its sales were being crimped by the resurgent pound.

Sterling hit its highest in six months against the euro on Thursday, having also bounded back to its pre-Brexit vote levels against the dollar this week. In the tech sector, Software AG fell 3.7 per cent as it reported a drop in core profits, while Nordic bank Nordea's results also proved a drag.

Trade war games?

Asian trading had been a mixed bag, with many of the moves driven by the weakening of the dollar. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan touched an all-time peak for the ninth session in a row, but Japan's Nikkei fell 1.1 per cent, hit by the yen's latest jump against the greenback.

MSCI ACWI, the index provider's broadest gauge of the world's stock markets, consolidated its more than 6.5 per cent gains for the month.

A new Reuters poll of over 500 economists showed the global economy is expected to grow at the fastest pace since 2010. The upbeat mood, however, has come up against renewed fears of protectionism by the United States after President Donald Trump's decision to impose steep import tariffs on washing machines and solar panels earlier in the week.

US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, hinted at other measures against China too on Wednesday, saying at the annual Davos meeting that Washington was investigating whether there was a case for taking action over China's infringements of intellectual property.

Trump is scheduled to speak in Davos on Thursday. Also in the Swiss Alpine town, US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin made a major departure from traditional US currency policy on Wednesday, saying “obviously a weaker dollar is good for us as it relates to trade and opportunities''.

Analysts say they cannot remember any US Treasury Secretary openly embracing a cheaper dollar, at least in the last two decades or so. “I was speculating the Trump administration may role out something with fanfare given its big delegation to Davos,” said Masayuki Kichikawa, chief macro strategist at Sumitomo Mitsui Asset Management.

“I'd think the real aim of Mnuchin's comments on the dollar is not so much engineering a weaker dollar per se as putting pressure on trading partners to do some trade deals with the administration,” he added.

The dollar's index against a basket of six major currencies tumbled to a three-year low of 88.816 before steadying in European trading. It has fallen 1.9 per cent so far this week. The dollar had also slipped to as far as 108.74 yen, its lowest since mid-September, and to its weakest against the Chinese yuan since November 2015. It is on course for its biggest ever monthly fall against the yuan.

“They (the US administration) can either have tariffs with the rest of the world or do it organically through a nice depreciation of the dollar,” said JP Morgan Asset Management's chief European markets strategist Karen Ward.

Published on January 25, 2018

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