Money & Banking

Value of FPI stock holdings soar by $105 bn in Sept-March: Report

PTI Mumbai | Updated on April 21, 2021

India only market to have seen net positive inflows during the year, despite a dip in March: BoFA Securities

The value of foreign portfolio investors' (FPI) holdings in domestic equities reached a record $555 billion in 2020-21, a whopping $105 billion growth between September 2020 and March 2021, according to a report.

Against this, the value of holdings by domestic institutional investors (DIIs) at $203 billion was not even half, according to the data compiled by Bank of America (BofA) Securities.

Also read: Markets crash on heavy FPI selling

FPIs have put more money into the markets since then, having invested a net of $7.2 billion till April 16 (year-to-date 2021), making the country the only market that has seen net positive inflows in the year, despite a dip in March when it slowed to $1.4 billion from $3.5 billion in February and $2.2 billion in January.

That means so far YTD 2021, they have net added zero investment unlike in all other emerging markets which saw massive outflows.

In 2020-21, FPIs, which have been the main driver of domestic equities, have pumped in a record $37 billion or ₹2.75-lakh crore into the equities, the highest in two decades, according to the data from the National Securities Depository.

Previously, in fiscal years 2010, 2011 and 2013, FPI inflows had crossed $20 billion. Investments zoomed as major central banks pumped in trillions of dollars to try and revive pandemic-hit economies, flooding markets with liquidity.

On the other hand, domestic institutional investor inflows remained a negative ₹1.38-lakh crore in 2020-21 taking the total value of their holdings to $203 billion, spread across exchange-traded funds ($38 billion), large-cap fund ($24 billion), flexi cap funds ($22 billion) and mid-cap funds ($16 billion), it said.

According to the report, after pumping a record $37 billion in 2020-21, the value of FPI holdings in domestic equities is at a record high of $555 billion, which was only $450 billion at the end of September 2020 or 21.4 per cent of the market capitalisation.

As of June 2020 quarter, the value of FII investments in equities stood at $344 billion or 18.7 per cent of the market cap, which means in just three months, it has jumped 31 per cent. In September 2019, the value of FII investments was $429 billion.

Meanwhile, the report also said domestic institutional investors also turned net buyers of equities till April 16 (YTD21), with a net addition of $2.2 billion which is back to pre-pandemic level — they became net buyers in March after being net sellers for the past eight months in a row.

Also read: Bank, financial stocks get lion’s share from FPIs

For FPIs, real estate/financials/energy were the main investments, while for DIIs it was more thematic funds, mid-cap funds, large & mid-cap funds.

So far in 2021, active funds drove the flows ($1.2 billion) vs passive funds ($263 million), taking the YTD 2021 FII inflows at $7.2 billion until April 16.

Against this, FPIs have been net sellers in major EMs in April — Taiwan (-$5.5 billion), South Korea (-$1.3 billion) and Brazil (-$828 million). YTD inflows for India ($7.4 billion), Taiwan (-$10.6 billion), South Korea (-$14.1 billion) and Brazil ($3.1 billion).

FPI flows’ sectoral deployment in the country were skewed in favour of real estate ($500 million), financials ($374 million) and energy ($311 million), whereas it was -$330 million in IT, -$223 million in healthcare and -$31 million in utilities. Of the $555 billion of investment/holdings, the maximum was in financials at 36.2 per cent, followed by IT at 13.8 per cent, energy at 13.3 per cent, utilities at 2.6 per cent, materials 2.2 per cent and real estate 1.03 per cent.

The NSE500 stocks are majority owned by the founders (46 per cent), FIIs (20 per cent), retail investors (9 per cent), domestic mutual funds (7 per cent), government (5.5 per cent) and banks, financial institutions and insurers (5 per cent).

Since December 2020, the ownership patterns have changed quite a bit for the founders (up 120 basis points), retail (up 20 bps) and FIIs (-150 bps).

India MSCI valuation premium to EMs is now at 41 per cent, which is 1 per cent below the long-term average.

Published on April 21, 2021

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