Since 2014, three Central schemes have generated 2.7 million jobs

Radheshyam Jadhav Pune | Updated on December 21, 2018 Published on December 21, 2018

PMEGP scheme tops the table with 65% of total job opportunities

Even as the government says that there is a lack of data on jobs, an analysis of available numbers shows that three flagship employment generation programmes — the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), and Deen Dayal Antodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) — have generated 27 lakh employment opportunities in the last four-and-a-half years.

According to Ministry of Labour and Employment data, 4-7 lakh jobs were generated every year through these three schemes.

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) is implementing the PMEGP, which is a major credit-linked subsidy programme. It is aimed at generating self-employment opportunities through the establishment of micro-enterprises in the non-farm sector by helping traditional artisans and unemployed youth.

Under this programme, general category beneficiaries can avail themselves of margin money subsidy of 25 per cent of the project cost in rural areas and 15 per cent in urban areas. The programme generated the highest employment in 2016-17 (4.8 lakh), but since then the number of employment opportunities under it has declined.

Among the three schemes, the PMEGP has created 65 per cent of the employment opportunities.



Skill training

DDU-GKY is another flagship placement linked skill-training programme under the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD). Its mission is to ensure rural poor youth are skilled in market relevant trades and job-relevant competencies.

It focusses on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families. This year, the scheme has shown a rise in the number of candidates placed in jobs after training. Over 4.83 lakh rural youths have had placements under this scheme till date.

DAY-NULM was launched with the aim of reducing poverty and vulnerability of urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities.

However, not even five lakh placements were created under the scheme in the last four-and-a-half years. DAY-NULM is being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.

Incentivising employers

The Ministry of Labour and Employment has also launched the Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) to incentivise employers to promote employment generation.

Under this scheme, the government pays the entire employer contribution (12 per cent or as admissible) towards EPF and EPS for all eligible new employees for all sectors for three years. Till December 10, the scheme had covered 1,15,113 establishments and 92.23 lakh beneficiaries.

Published on December 21, 2018
This article is closed for comments.
Please Email the Editor