Commodities

India’s ethanol plan could drive a sugar bull market: Report

Reuters New York | Updated on June 22, 2021

It will lead towards erasing exportable sugar volumes from the country, says Czarnikow Group

The Indian government’s plan to gradually increase ethanol blending in gasoline, as a way to cut pollution and reduce its oil import bill, could be the largest change in the global sugar market since Europe’s sugar reform, and possibly drive a bull market.

According to a report released on Monday by food trader and supply chain services provider Czarnikow Group, India’s ethanol programme will lead the government to end sugar export subsidies and erase exportable sugar volumes from the country, currently the second-largest producer after Brazil.

Sugar mills get orders to supply 302 cr litres of ethanol

Czarnikow’s chief analyst Stephen Geldart said in the report that India’s plan to push for a 20 per cent ethanol blend to gasoline as soon as 2023, compared to only around 5 per cent currently, will lead to the production of 6 billion litres of ethanol from sugar cane juice and molasses, “reducing local sugar production by more than 6 million tonnes”.

“By 2025, India will swing from making at most 33 million tonnes of sugar a year to 27 million tonnes. With consumption today at around 25 million tonnes and likely to grow in the future, India will no longer be a major surplus sugar producer and exporter,” the analyst said.

Oil companies, sugar mills work in sync to put India’s ethanol blending programme on track

Less well-supplied market

Geldart compares the Indian case with the European sugar policy reform between 2002 and 2008, when cuts to export subsidies and production in the continent led to a strong sugar market rally.

The report says that as gasoline demand increases in India, by 2030, the country will need to produce 13 billion litres of ethanol to meet the E20 blending, diverting more than 10 million tonnes of sugar production.

“As we saw in 2008, the world sugar market will therefore become less well-supplied and more responsive to price,” Geldart said, adding that the market will become vulnerable to any production shock in one of the largest producers.

Published on June 22, 2021

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