The India-Australia free trade agreement will come into effect from December 29, allowing zero-duty access to over 96 per cent of India’s exports, including labour-intensive items such as apparels, leather goods, several engineering products and gems & jewellery, on the first day of implementation.

“India and Australia consolidate their long-standing partnership. Economic Cooperation & Trade Agreement (ECTA), realised under the guidance of leaders on both countries, comes into effect from December 29, 2022. It is the dawn of a whole new era for our businesses and people,” Commerce & Industry Minister Piyush Goyal tweeted on Wednesday.

India-Australia FTA: Here’s all you need to know  India-Australia FTA: Here’s all you need to know  

The interim-ECTA, expected to increase bilateral trade to an estimated $45-50 billion in five years from existing $31 billion, was approved by Australian Parliament earlier this month.

India will provide zero-duty market access to 85 per cent of Australian goods, such as wool, sheep meat, coal and identified metals, on the first day of implementation increasing it to 91 per cent in 10 years while Australia will provide zero-duty access to 100 per cent of Indian goods in five years.

Negotiations for a comprehensive India-Australia ECTA are now likely to be launched during the  Joint Ministerial Commission meeting in January 2023. The comprehensive pact will include areas that had not been fully included or were excluded in the interim deal such as digital trade, government procurement, product specific (rules of origin) and market access for some goods.

The India-Australia FTA negotiations first began in 2011 but they were suspended in 2015 as the talks were stuck over issues such as market access for dairy products in India and visa liberalisation for Indian professionals.

The two countries resumed their FTA negotiations in September 2021, and this time around things got done in record time and the pact was signed in just over six months

Easing of visa

Australia has agreed to liberalise its visa regime for Indians in a number of areas as part of ECTA. It has agreed to an annual quota of 1,800 visas for yoga teachers and Indian chefs. It will also allow post study work visa (18 months – 4 years) for Indian students that is likely to benefit more than one lakh Indian students, per government estimates.