Shifting supply chains: China’s loss may be India’s gain

Bloomberg August 17 | Updated on August 17, 2020

India’s latest incentives are drawing companies looking to diversify amidst US-China trade tensions

India’s latest set of incentives to entice businesses moving away from China seem to be working, with companies from Samsung Electronics Co to Apple Inc’s assembly partners showing interest to invest in the South Asian nation.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government in March announced incentives that make niche firms — electronics manufacturers — eligible for a payment of 4-6 per cent of their incremental sales over the next five years. The result: about two dozen companies pledged $1.5 billion of investments to set up mobile-phone factories in the country.

Besides Samsung, those that have shown interest are Hon Hai Precision Industry Co, known as Foxconn, Wistron Corp and Pegatron Corp. India has also extended similar incentives to the pharmaceutical sector, and plans to cover more sectors, which may include automobiles, textiles, and food processing under the programme.

While companies have been actively looking to diversify supply chains amid the US-China trade tensions and the coronavirus outbreak, it hasn’t yet translated into big gains for India despite the country making it cheaper for businesses to open shop. Vietnam remains the most favoured destination, followed by Cambodia, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Thailand, according to a recent survey by Standard Chartered Plc.

There is a reasonable chance for India to gain in terms of incremental investment of supply chains within the country over the medium term, said Kaushik Das, chief India economist at Deutsche Bank AG in Mumbai. These programmes are aimed at increasing India’s manufacturing share in the gross domestic product.

Economic boost

The government expects the programme for electronics alone could lead to $153 billion worth of manufactured goods over the next five years and create about one million jobs directly and indirectly.

This would bring an additional investment of $55 billion over five years, adding 0.5 per cent to India’s economic output, according to analysts led by Neelkanth Mishra at Credit Suisse Group AG. This could shift an additional 10 per cent of global smartphone production to India in five years, most of it from China, they wrote in a report on August 10.

That complements Modi’s goal to grow the share of manufacturing in the economy to 25 per cent from the current around 15 per cent as part of his ‘Make in India’ programme. His government has already lowered taxes on companies to among the lowest in Asia, seeking to attract new investments in an economy headed for its first contraction in more than four decades this year.

The latest output-linked incentive plan is a big win for Make in India, Amish Shah, an analyst at BofA Securities, said in a report to clients. He sees gains for industrials, cement, pharmaceuticals, metals and logistics, with long-term indirect benefits across many sectors.

Published on August 17, 2020

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