The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is justified in using the country's foreign exchange reserves to smooth out volatility in the rupee's moves against the dollar, a member of the Economic Advisory Council said on Monday.

"I think that the RBI is correct to use the FX reserves to smooth movement in the INR/USD... There is no point targeting a INR/USD level when USD is appreciating against all other majors," Sanjeev Sanyal told the Reuters Global Markets Forum (GMF) in an interview.

"Longer term, we need to maintain overall macro-stability and allow the cycle to play itself out," said Sanyal, who was previously India's chief economic adviser.

The Council he now sits on advises Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his government on economic policy.

The Indian rupee has fallen around 7.4 per cent against the dollar year-to-date, to trade near a record low of 80.0650.

The dollar has risen about 11.2 per cent against a basket of currencies as markets brace for more US interest rate hikes amid surging inflationary pressures and signs a weakening global economy.

Spike in oil prices

Sanyal also said the country’s inflation was almost entirely imported and, as an oil importer, something it could do little in the short term to control. Global oil and other energy costs have spiked this year, driven higher by the impact of the war in Ukraine and broader supply chain issues.

Sanyal said he believed India's current account deficit was in a comfortable position and, asked if a curb on non-essential imports was being considered, added: "The government will respond flexibly to the situation as it evolves."

Sanyal also said India was treating crypto instruments as assets not currencies, and that their regulation would need global coordination.