India faced one of its biggest farmers’ protest during the NDA government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi which ended after a year with the withdrawal of three controversial farm laws. However, the narrative in the last 10 years changed towards farmers’ income from production-centric in the previous decade. Former agriculture and food secretary T Nandakumar in conversation with Prabhudatta Mishra spoke about the changes in policy initiatives to reflect the growing needs of farmers for better income.