France fights back over US tariff threat to champagne, cheese

Reuters PARIS/LONDON | Updated on December 04, 2019

US President Donald Trump and France's President Emmanuel Macron meet in London, Britain, on December 3, 2019.   -  REUTERS

France and the European Union said on Tuesday they were ready to retaliate if US President Donald Trump acted on a threat to impose duties of up to 100 per cent on imports of champagne, handbags and other French products worth $2.4 billion.

The threat of punitive tariffs followed a US government investigation that found a new digital services tax in France would harm US technology companies, and will intensify a festering trade dispute between Europe and the United States.

In London for a NATO summit, Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron exchanged a tight-gripped handshake before both said they hoped they could smooth out their differences over the digital services tax.

Also read: Trump administration warns countries against digital tax on US tech giants

“They're American companies. They're tech companies. They're not my favourite people, but that's OK, I don't care, they're American companies. And we want to tax American companies. It's not for somebody else to tax them,” Trump said. “So it's either gonna work out, or we'll work out some mutually beneficial tax,” he said, referring to the levy threat. “And the tax will be substantial. I'm not sure it's gonna come to that, but it might.”

The spat marks a new low in testy relations between Trump and Macron, who have been at odds over the American's unilateralist approach to trade, climate change and Iran.

On Tuesday, US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said the French tax was a “very radical notion, putting a tax on revenues as opposed to a tax on earnings” and was aimed at raising French revenues to aid its budget deficits. “Other countries would do better to try to develop their own technology, rather than to try to penalise American companies for their successes,” he told Reuters in New York, adding it was a “strange and maybe dangerous” practice to tax revenue rather than income.

Earlier on Tuesday, Trump criticised European allies, singling out Macron for his “very nasty” comments portraying the NATO alliance as “experiencing brain death”.

Macron's finance minister called the tariff threat unacceptable and said the EU was primed to respond if the United States imposed the new tariffs.

Also read: US vows 100 per cent tariffs on French Champagne, cheese, handbags over digital tax

The European Commission, the EU executive, said the 28-nation EU would act as one and that the best place to settle disputes was at the World Trade Organisation. “I am determined to defend the interests of my country and of Europe,” Macron said, seated next to Trump.

The United States has already imposed 25 per cent duties on French wine and cheese as part of its WTO-sanctioned response to illegal EU aircraft subsidies, a move exporters said would penalise US consumers while severely hurting French producers.

International solution

France's 3 per cent levy applies to revenue from digital services earned by companies with more than 25 million euros ($27.86 million) of revenues from France and 750 million euros worldwide.

An investigation by the US Trade Representative's office found the French tax was “inconsistent with prevailing principles of international tax policy”.

It said the tax was “unusually burdensome” for US companies including Alphabet Inc's Google, Facebook Inc, Apple Inc and Inc.

France is not alone in targeting big digital companies; a growing number of other countries are preparing their own taxes. Governments, including Washington, are frustrated that big digital companies can book earnings in low-tax countries such as Ireland regardless of where the end client is.

France says it will drop its digital tax as soon as an agreement is found at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development to overhaul decades-old international tax rules.

French luxury stocks fall

Shares in French luxury companies fell in response to the tariff threat against French champagne, handbags, cheeses and other products.

Hermes was around 2.8 per cent lower, while LVMH and Kering fell 1.7 per cent and 2.8 per cent respectively. Champagne maker Vranken Pommery was down by 2.4 per cent.

French products will not face tariffs immediately as the US Trade Representative still intends to gather public comments and hold a public hearing in January.

Based on past experience of Section 301 tariffs, primarily applied to Chinese goods, France would face punitive tariffs in two or three months.

Any retaliatory action from France would have to be taken at an EU-wide level because the bloc is a customs union which applies duties at its border.

Published on December 04, 2019

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