Agri Business

Centre allows use of drones to control locusts

Vishwanath Kulkarni, Ashwini Phadnis Bengaluru/ New Delhi | Updated on May 21, 2020 Published on May 21, 2020

The government’s move to allow drones assumes significance as the pests are seenin the non-scheduled desert areas also   -  PTI

MP, Punjab crops under threat now

As locust swarms make inroads into the interiors of Rajasthan, Punjab and even parts of Madhya Pradesh, the Centre on Thursday allowed the conditional use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS), better known as drones, for spraying pesticides to curb the dreaded pest.

Conditional permission

The Ministry of Civil Aviation issued an order granting ‘conditional exemption’ for the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare to carry out the anti-locust operations. The Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage (DPPQS), Faridabad, under the Agriculture Ministry has been made the nodal agency for the anti-locust operations.

DPPQS may operate its own RPAs or engage third party service providers. The conditional exemption will be limited to the drones deployed by the nodal agency for aerial surveillance, aerial photography, public announcement and spraying of anti-locust pesticides. Also, the exemption shall be limited to battery operated rotary-wing RPAs only. Use of any other type of RPAs is strictly prohibited, it said.

Each operation of RPA has to be carried out under the supervision and control of the nodal agency. The nodal agency has to upload details of every RPA flight including details of pesticide, sprayed quantity and area covered among others on DGCA’s Digital Sky Platform, it said.

The government’s move to allow the use of drones to control the spread of locusts assumes significance as the pests are seen taking new flight path to the non-scheduled desert areas, threatening vegetation and summer crops in Punjab and Madhya Pradesh, said Bhagirath Chaudhary, Director, South Asia Biotechnology Centre.

“Spraying of pesticides using drones is considered highly effective over traditional methods such as tractor mounted spray and fire brigade among others, as it can help kill the swarm of pests in resting position. Also, the government should look at using safer chemical molecules such as Deltamethrin over the widely used Melathion,” he added.

Per the Agriculture Ministry, the scheduled area for locust in the country is spread across 2.05 lakh sq km, mainly in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana. In Rajasthan alone, the locust area is estimated at 1.79 lakh sq km. According to the latest locust bulletin by the Ministry, in the first fortnight of May, the immature adult groups/swarms were observed at Barmer, Jodhpur, Phalodi, Bikaner, Nagaur and Ganganagar in about 342 locations.

The spot control operations were undertaken at 213 spots, covering 21,675 hectares. The Food and Agriculture Organisation in its update on May 13 highlighted the risk of swarms migrating to the summer breeding areas on both sides of Indo-Pak border from breeding areas in Baluchistan and the Indus Valley.

Drone versatality

According to Anup Sharma, Convenor, Aviation Technology Forum of India, drone technology should be leveraged to address the twin challenges of food security and climate change in the agriculture sector.

“Necessary exemption should be granted to government agricultural departments from NPNT and digital sky restrictions for drone operations. Additionally, the responsibility to ensure compliance with mandated safety and security provisions of the drone policy by drone service providers should rests on the government agencies that are engaging their services,” he said.

Published on May 21, 2020

A letter from the Editor

Dear Readers,

The coronavirus crisis has changed the world completely in the last few months. All of us have been locked into our homes, economic activity has come to a near standstill. Everyone has been impacted.

Including your favourite business and financial newspaper. Our printing and distribution chains have been severely disrupted across the country, leaving readers without access to newspapers. Newspaper delivery agents have also been unable to service their customers because of multiple restrictions.

In these difficult times, we, at BusinessLine have been working continuously every day so that you are informed about all the developments – whether on the pandemic, on policy responses, or the impact on the world of business and finance. Our team has been working round the clock to keep track of developments so that you – the reader – gets accurate information and actionable insights so that you can protect your jobs, businesses, finances and investments.

We are trying our best to ensure the newspaper reaches your hands every day. We have also ensured that even if your paper is not delivered, you can access BusinessLine in the e-paper format – just as it appears in print. Our website and apps too, are updated every minute, so that you can access the information you want anywhere, anytime.

But all this comes at a heavy cost. As you are aware, the lockdowns have wiped out almost all our entire revenue stream. Sustaining our quality journalism has become extremely challenging. That we have managed so far is thanks to your support. I thank all our subscribers – print and digital – for your support.

I appeal to all or readers to help us navigate these challenging times and help sustain one of the truly independent and credible voices in the world of Indian journalism. Doing so is easy. You can help us enormously simply by subscribing to our digital or e-paper editions. We offer several affordable subscription plans for our website, which includes Portfolio, our investment advisory section that offers rich investment advice from our highly qualified, in-house Research Bureau, the only such team in the Indian newspaper industry.

A little help from you can make a huge difference to the cause of quality journalism!

Support Quality Journalism
  1. Comments will be moderated by The Hindu Business Line editorial team.
  2. Comments that are abusive, personal, incendiary or irrelevant cannot be published.
  3. Please write complete sentences. Do not type comments in all capital letters, or in all lower case letters, or using abbreviated text. (example: u cannot substitute for you, d is not 'the', n is not 'and').
  4. We may remove hyperlinks within comments.
  5. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name, to avoid rejection.
You have read 1 out of 3 free articles for this week. For full access, please subscribe and get unlimited access to all sections.