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Energy demand to grow 6-7% in FY22; discom finances under pressure: ICRA

Our Bureau Hyderabad | Updated on January 06, 2021 Published on January 06, 2021

Credit outlook negative for thermal generation, distribution segment; stable for renewable, transmission

Electricity demand in the country is expected to witness a growth of 6-7 per cent in FY22, against an estimated decline of 2-2.5 per cent in FY21.

This growth is likely to be driven by a favourable base effect and likely recovery in demand from the commercial and industrial (C&I) segments. As a result, the all-India thermal plant load factor (PLF) is likely to improve to 57-58 per cent in FY22 from the estimated level of 53 -54 per cent in FY2021, although it still remains subdued, according to ICRA.

Sabyasachi Majumdar, Group Head & Senior Vice President - Corporate Ratings, ICRA, said: “Given the subdued thermal PLF, lack of visibility in signing of new power purchase agreements (PPAs) for thermal IPPs, and modest tariffs in the short-term power market, the credit outlook on the thermal power segment continues to remain negative. As a result, the resolution of the stressed thermal assets in the private segment remains slow, with over 80 per cent of the 40 GW stressed coal-based projects unresolved. On the other hand, the credit profile of the Central power generation utilities is supported by the presence of long-term PPAs under the cost-plus tariff structure, and strengths arising out of sovereign parentage.”

Also read: Energy markets more remunerative for renewable power

The credit outlook also remains negative for the distribution segment, given the continued weakness in the financial position of most state distribution utilities (discoms). The discom finances have been further constrained by the sharp decline in revenues from the C&I customers in H1 FY21 following lockdown restrictions. Notwithstanding a demand recovery in FY22, the discom losses are likely to remain at over ₹75,000 crore, given the inadequate tariff revisions, high distribution losses and additional interest cost on the loans availed under the liquidity support scheme.

The Government of India, in May 2020, announced the liquidity support scheme of ₹1,20,000, in the form of loans from Power Finance Corporation (PFC) and Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) to clear the dues to power generating companies from discoms amid the adverse impact of Covid-19. However, this scheme is the fourth such bailout being provided to the discoms over the past 15 years, without adequate improvement in discoms’ operating efficiencies. While the Ministry of Power, Government of India has also proposed significant reforms in the sector, including privatisation of discoms to bring about a sustainable improvement in discom finances, the pace of implementation of such reforms by state governments and proactive focus by the utilities to ensure the operational improvements (w.r.t. tariff, cost and efficiency levels) remain critical areas.

On the other hand, the credit outlook for the renewable energy is stable because of factors such as continued policy support from the Government of India, the presence of creditworthy Central nodal agencies as intermediary procurers, in addition to the improving tariff competitiveness, as reflected from the recent new low of ₹2 per unit in the solar power segment. These factors are likely to result in continued strong investment prospects. Thus, ICRA estimates an improvement in capacity addition to 11-12 GW in FY22 from the estimated level of 7.5 GW in FY21, backed by a healthy project pipeline of about 50 GW and easing of the supply chain challenges. Moreover, the investment prospects for the sector remain strong.

Also read: Covid-19 adds to Discoms’ liquidity stress: Ind-Ra

Girishkumar Kadam, Sector Head & Vice President, ICRA Ratings, said: “The renewable segment would remain the main driver of capacity addition in the power sector, with a share of 65- 70 per cent over the next five-year period. While the sector is facing execution headwinds for under-construction projects, regulatory challenges, mainly in Andhra Pradesh related to tariff renegotiation and risk of grid curtailments, the credit profile of majority of the ICRA-rated wind and solar power IPPs has remained stable, supported by the presence of long-term PPAs, implementation of must-run status across majority of the states, satisfactory operating performance, adequate liquidity buffer and a strong sponsor profile. Further, the realisation of payments from discoms under the liquidity scheme has also improved the liquidity profile of some of the wind and solar IPPs.”

The outlook for the transmission segment remains stable. Payments to the transmission utilities constitute a small portion of the discoms’ cost structure, which generally results in limited propensity on the part of the discoms to stretch payments to transmission companies.

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Published on January 06, 2021
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