The government has permitted transportation of human organs or tissues or both for organ transplant on metro rail services in all cities. As on date, metro rail services are available in 20 cities, with Delhi having the largest network.

The Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has amended the Metro Railways (Carriage and Ticket) Rules, 2014. Accordingly, it said: “a person duly authorised in this behalf by a hospital registered under the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994 (42 of 1994), may take along human organs or tissue or both, for the purpose of organ or tissue transplant.” It is believed that the decision is based on the fact that metro trains are the fastest mode of transportation in a city and also do not face traffic jams.

Amendment in rule will come into effect from date of publication of the notification, which is May 29, 2023.  Existing rule prohibits carrying of blood dried or coagulated or decomposed, whether human or animal, corpses, carcasses of dead animals or of dead birds, bones (excluding bleached or cleaned bones), human skeleton, parts of human body; and portable radio devices which possess risk to radio communication network and communication based traffic control signalling network. Now, with the amendment, a proviso has been added permitting transportation of organs or tissues for transportation.

Green corridor

As on date, the most popular mode for transportation of human organs has been ambulances operating in a green corridor. A green corridor is a special route cleared out for an ambulance carrying restored organs meant for transplant, or an unwell patient to a hospital, airport or any destination.

The green corridor system is a way to accelerate organ transplantation and save lives. It has been made possible with the combined efforts of the traffic police and local cops, who ensure that organs being transported by ambulance for transplantation reach their destination in the shortest possible time ( the given target time to reach).

At present, metro rail lines are operational in 20 cities across the country namely Delhi & 7 NCR cities, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Jaipur, Kochi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Kanpur and Pune. Further, metro rail lines are under construction in Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Kochi, Mumbai, Nagpur, Ahmedabad,  Gandhinagar, Pune, Kanpur, Agra, Bhopal, Indore, Patna, Surat and Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut (Regional Rapid Transit System).

In addition to these, Centre has received proposals from State/UT governments seeking financial assistance for implementing Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS)/ Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) projects in the cities of Delhi, Nashik, Thane, Noida-Greater Noida, Gorakhpur, Jammu, Srinagar, Chennai, Dehradun, Gurugram, Pune, Bangalore, Hyderabad and RRTS Corridors (Delhi-SNB, SNB-Sotanala and Delhi-Panipat).