The fight against malaria got a shot in the arm today with a range of research organisations coming together on a common platform with an aim to eliminate the disease from the country by 2030 through shared research agenda and resources.

Over the past two decades, India has made good progress in malaria control. The disease burden has declined by 59 per cent (2.03 million cases in 2000 to 0.84 million in 2017) and deaths due to the disease by 89 per cent (932 in 2000 to 103 in 2017). The success has led to the government to make a commitment to eliminate malaria by 2030.

However, several challenges remain. There are critical operational gaps in service access particularly for vulnerable populations in high transmission areas as well as in the services provided by private sector.

There is also a need to improve quality and effectiveness of vector and environmental control measures.

In addition, the emergence and spread of drug and insecticide resistance is undermining the efficacy of existing tools. There is a need for new improved tools and approaches for disease surveillance, diagnosis, treatment and vector control.

There are several research organisations and groups in the country that focus on malaria research but there is little communication and harmonization in the scientific community, resulting in duplication of efforts.

In this context, the Indian Council of Medical Research has put together a programme to bring the various stakeholders on a single platform to identify and prioritise research work needed to meet the target to eliminate the disease by 2030. Called Malaria Elimination Research Alliance India (MERA India), the programme took off recently with the first meeting of the stakeholders.

Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Preeti Sudan, noted that there was a need for more operational research. She urged those who were involved in Malaria control programmes to prepare and disseminate short audio and video clips on how people can protect themselves from the disease and help block its transmission.

Regional Advisor at World Health Organisation’s South East Asia Regional Office, Dr. Neena Valecha, said the regional office would provide all assistance to ensure regional cooperation for the programme considering that diseases know no national boundaries and it was essential that all the countries in the region worked in unison.

ICMR Director General Balram Bharghava, expressed confidence that the programme would harness and reinforce research in coordinated and combinatorial ways to achieve the target of malaria elimination by 2030.

(India Science Wire)


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