Crude oil falls as UK North Sea oil pipeline moves closer to restart

Reuters SINGAPORE | Updated on January 09, 2018


Oil prices fell on Thursday after the operator of Britain's Forties pipeline in the North Sea said it was expected to restart in early January after repairs over Christmas. Forties is the largest of the five North Sea crudes that underpin Brent, a benchmark for oil trading in Europe, West Asia, Africa and Asia.

Oil prices have risen since the pipeline was shut on December 11. But Brent oil prices fell after the announcement to trade 23 cents down at $64.33 per barrel at 0933 GMT. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $58.02 a barrel, down 7 cents from their last settlement.

“Initially a small number of customers will send oil and gas through the pipeline at low rates as part of a coordinated plan that allows Ineos to carefully control the flow into the system,” operator Ineos said in a statement. “Based on current estimates the company expects to bring the pipeline progressively back to normal rates early in the new year,” it said.

Pipeline closed

The system, which carries around 450,000 barrels per day of crude to Britain, along with a third of the UK's total offshore natural gas output, was closed after a routine inspection revealed a crack in an onshore section.

Ineos on December 13 was forced to declare force majeure on deliveries of Forties crude oil, natural gas and condensate, suspending its contractual obligations to customers due to circumstances beyond its control. The privately owned chemicals company based in Switzerland bought the pipeline system from BP in late October.

Crude inventories

Oil prices were also supported by falling crude inventories in the United States but capped by output that is fast approaching 10 million barrels per day, a level only surpassed by Saudi Arabia and Russia.

Both crudes gained around 1 per cent during their previous sessions, lifted by official data showing a 6.5 million-barrel fall in US crude inventories in the week to December 15 to 436 million barrels, the lowest level since October, 2015.

US crude oil production

Countering this on Thursday was another increase in US crude oil production, while a rise in gasoline stocks pointed to a slowdown in demand.

“The rally which has defined H2 looks to have run out of steam as the year draws to a close, and we might be hard pressed to say where further upside can come from at this point, barring some unforeseen supply outage,” JBC Energy said in a note.

The energy minister of Saudi Arabia, the world's top crude exporter and OPEC's de-facto leader, said it would take more time to rein in global oversupply, which was created by strong global production increases in the years up to 2015.

“We expect the first few months of 2018 to be either flat or a build (in inventories), as it is typically the case with the seasonality in the oil market,” Khalid al-Falih told Reuters on Wednesday.

Published on December 21, 2017

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