Commodities

Crude prices ease after hitting highest levels since Dec 2014

Reuters Singapore | Updated on January 16, 2018 Published on January 12, 2018

US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $63.62 a barrel at 0524 GMT - 18 cents, or 0.3 per cent, below their last settlement.

Analysts warn of risks of downward price correction

Oil prices eased on Friday after hitting their highest levels since December, 2014 the previous day.

Although analysts and traders have been warning of the risks of a downward price correction since the start of the year, they point out that the overall market conditions remain strong, largely due to ongoing production cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia.

US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $63.62 a barrel at 0524 GMT - 18 cents, or 0.3 per cent, below their last settlement. WTI the day before hit its strongest since late 2014 at $64.77 a barrel. Brent crude futures were at $69.27 a barrel, virtually unchanged from their last close. Brent also marked a December-2014 high the previous day, at $70.05 a barrel.

“OPEC has acted successfully to reduce the inventory overhang and demand growth remains robust in the short term," said Sanjeev Bahl, analyst at Edison Investment Research in a 2018 outlook.

OPEC-led production cuts

The production cuts started in January last year and are set to last through 2018. “There is potential for oil prices to move higher as inventories normalise,” Bahl said.

US commercial crude oil inventories fell almost 5 million barrels in the week to January 5 to 419.5 million barrels. That's slightly below the five-year average of just over 420 million barrels.

Fuel price hedging company Global Risk Management said in its 2018 outlook that “the likelihood of elevated oil prices this year seems imminent", largely due to the ongoing supply cuts led by OPEC and Russia as well as political risk especially in Iran, Venezuela and Libya.

Refinery orders

Global Risk Management said this was despite US oil production, currently at 9.5 million barrels per day (bpd), likely breaking through 10 million bpd. Another factor that may hamper crude prices would be a drop-off in orders from refineries.

In Asia, Singapore average refinery profit margins have fallen below $6 per barrel this month, their lowest seasonal level in five years. As a result, some refiners have already scaled back their output, reducing demand for feedstock crude.

China crude oil imports

China's crude oil imports in December eased to 33.7 million tonnes (7.97 million bpd), versus 37.04 million tonnes in November, customs data showed on Friday. Meanwhile, its December oil products exports hit a record 6.17 million tonnes, as refiners churn out more fuel than even thirsty China can absorb.

Taking into account price supportive and pressuring factors, a market survey of over 1,000 energy professionals conducted by Reuters in January showed crude oil price expectations clustered in a range of $60-$70 per barrel for 2018.

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Published on January 12, 2018
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