Money & Banking

UCBs fear disruption as RBI’s deadline on the appointment of MDs looms large

K Ram Kumar Mumbai | Updated on July 22, 2021

UCB federation urges RBI to make its directions applicable only to fresh appointments

Hundreds of urban co-operative banks (UCBs) may have to change their Managing Directors by August 25, 2021, if the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) does not give them leeway on its directions on the appointment of Managing Director (MD) and Whole-Time Director (WTD), according to an apex body of co-operatives.

The National Federation of Urban Cooperative Banks and Credit Societies (NAFCUB) has requested the RBI to allow incumbent MDs of UCBs to complete their tenure and make its directions on appointment of MD/WTD applicable only to fresh appointments.

The Federation emphasised that the aforementioned arrangement will be least disruptive and also give banks time to comply with the RBI directions.

Jyotindra Mehta, President, NAFCUB, feared that if RBI insists on adherence to the timeline prescribed in the directions, it could lead to a situation where hundreds of banks will need to change their MDs within two months. He emphasised that it will be not easy for the banks to find suitable candidates.

Cooperative vs corporate structure

He observed that while making most of the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, applicable to UCBs, RBI has to keep in mind that the directions/ guidelines it issues under these provisions are compatible with the democratic structure of the cooperative banks and their essential cooperative character.

In a letter to RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, Mehta underscored that this was an assurance given by the Minister in the Parliament during the discussion on the Bill to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, when some members raised apprehensions that the provisions of Bill would allow authorities to undermine cooperative character of cooperative banks.

He opined that this challenge is most evident when it comes to the provisions regarding constitution and powers of board, appointment of chairman and managing director.

“However, it appears that RBI has largely brought about changes through the directions (on Appointment of MD/ WTD) without visualising the disruption it would cause in the sector.

“It has practically incorporated same provisions that are prescribed for banks that have corporate structure,” Mehta said.


As per the directions, while MDs of UCBs appointed with prior RBI approval in terms of its guidelines on constitution of Board of Management can continue till completion of his/ her tenure or for a period of three years from the date of initial appointment, whichever is earlier, other UCBs have to review the ‘Fit and Proper’ status of the existing MD in terms of the directions.

Such UCBs have to confirm the same, with the approval of Board of Directors, to RBI’s regional offices within a period of two months from the date of the directions, which were issued on June 25, 2021.

The directions prescribe eligibility and propriety criteria, tenure of MD/WTD, procedure for obtaining RBI approval for appointment/ re-appointment/ termination of MD/WTD, among others.

While NAFCUB appreciated the need for steps to be taken to upgrade professionalism and bring in more transparency in the managements of many of the UCBs, it also stated that about 90 per of these Banks are very small sized entities in comparison to commercial banks and pose no major risk to the banking system.

As at March-end 2020, there were 1,539 UCBs in the country. About 88 per cent of these Banks had deposits of less than ₹500 crore and about 93 per cent had advances of less than ₹500 crore.

Appointment vs election of directors

Referring to UCBs management structure being decades old and, in some cases, even over a century old, Mehta said they will need time to change and to adopt concepts such as “appointment” of directors, (as against elected) “CMD”, “WTD” and so on, which are totally alien to them, as they do not exist in cooperative lexicon

The NAFCUB chief feared that suddenly forcing the banks to implement all these concepts all at once would be highly disruptive, inviting chaos.

He said stretching the appointment exercise over a period of time of, say, 4-5 years or more in stages will help the sector.

Published on July 22, 2021

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