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Citizenship Act: Govt clarifies those born before 1987 are Indian citizens only

PTI | Updated on December 20, 2019 Published on December 20, 2019

Protesters hold placards as they raise slogans during a demonstration against NRC and Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) outside Jama Masjid, in Chandigarh, on Thursday. - PTI

Anyone born in India before July 1, 1987 or whose parents were born before that date, are bona fide Indian citizens according to law, and need not worry due to the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA) or a possible countrywide NRC, a top government official said on Friday.

According to the 2004 amendments of the Citizenship Act, people of the country, except those in Assam, whose one parent is an Indian, and neither is an illegal immigrant, are also considered Indian citizens.

The clarification came amid ongoing protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, and several versions of the recently enacted law being circulated in social media.

Those who are born in India before July 1, 1987, or whose parents were born in the country before that year, are considered Indians under naturalisation as per the law, the official said. In case of Assam, the cut off date for identification of an Indian citizen is 1971.

'Don't compare the Citizenship Amendment Act and NRC'

Asked about the possibility of rolling out the NRC for the whole country, the official said it was pre-mature to say anything on it as there has been no discussion on it.  “We also appeal to people to not compare the Citizenship Amendment Act with the NRC in Assam as the cut-off date for Assam is different,” the official said.

According to the 2004 amendments of the Citizenship Act, anyone who was born in India on or after January 26, 1950, but before July 1, 1987, anyone who was born in India on or after July 1, 1987, but before December 3, 2004, and where either of parents is a citizen of India at the time of birth are bona fide Indian citizens.

Those born outside India on or after December 10, 1992, but before December 3, 2004, and whose parent was citizen of India by birth at the time of his or her birth are also Indians. If anyone was born in India on or after December 3, 2004 and if both the parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of his or her birth are also Indian citizens.

Violent protests have taken place in different parts of the country after the Parliament passed the contentious legislation last week. At least three people were killed in police firing during protests in Assam, two others in Mangaluru and one in Lucknow.

 Protests were staged against the CAA as well as possible rolling out of NRC for the whole country.

 According to the CAA, members of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have come from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till December 31, 2014 due to religious persecution there will not be treated as illegal immigrants, and be given Indian citizenship

Published on December 20, 2019
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