Economy

Hit by demonetisation, MSMEs braced for more challenges ahead

Our Bureau Mumbai | Updated on January 16, 2018 Published on December 28, 2016

BL29_Small_business   -  Tashatuvango/shutterstock.com

Unorganised space likely to take bigger hit over the next few months



Cash-dependent micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the country have borne the brunt of the ongoing demonetisation exercise.

With about 86 per cent of the currency (high denomination ₹500 and ₹1,000 bank notes) in circulation being scrapped with effect from November 9, and the replacements in the form of ₹2,000 and new ₹500 bank notes proving to be grossly inadequate, MSMEs’ businesses, especially those in the unorganised space, took a hard knock due to slump in demand.

This led to many micro and small units being temporarily shuttered, leading to job losses.

Contribution to GDP

The importance of MSMEs is underscored by the fact that units in the sector account for about 38 per cent of the total GDP.

There are about 5 crore working enterprises in the MSME segment, providing employment to about 12 crore people.

The demonetisation announcement has come as a bolt from the blue for the unorganised MSMEs, which reportedly account for almost 55 per cent of the total enterprises in the MSME segment.

Diversified financial services firm Edelweiss, in its research report Edel Pulse, said business in the case of SMEs in the unorganised sector was severely impacted in the first week (more than 70 per cent decline in business activity). But it is gradually improving.

The paper added: “However, some pain is still left. Some businesses have started to explore exports option. The barter system seems to be making a comeback. People are uncertain about the government’s actions (on ₹2,000 validity, fake ₹500 notes etc).

“The Goods and Services Tax (GST), plus the real impact of demonetisation, will follow one after the other and thus has the potential to impact businesses over the long term,” the report said.

Edel Pulse estimated permanent impact on 20-30 per cent of business in the SME-unorganised sector. It is sceptical about job situation for non-skilled workers in the near term.

Organised players safer

In the case of the SMEs in the organised space, since bulk (over 75 per cent) of business transactions are by cheque, hence the impact of cash crunch post announcement of demonetisation is minimal, said the report.

It added that impact will be limited to only about 20 per cent of business, which will also get normalised in a few months.

“Large textile companies sell products to wholesalers, who then sell them to retailers. Retail sales hit due to demonetisation (cash transactions), which will have a 2-3 months’ impact on the entire value chain. Therefore, companies expect some weakness in near-term sales (25-30 per cent impact in November),” said the Edelweiss report.

Impact on investment

Kotak Bank’s research team observed that in a predominantly cash economy the very near-term disruption due to cash crunch can lead to a significant slowdown in the SME segment, which will have a bearing on economic growth and investments.

In a report, Motilal Oswal cautioned that if the liquidity crunch at the system level continues then there could be a spike in SME bad loans (for the financial sector), which remains a key risk.

Unorganised sector in Gujarat facing the heat, says Edelweiss

Gujarat region has been negatively impacted by demonetisation, due to significant involvement of the unorganised segment, says Edelweiss.

In the industrial belts of Surat and Vapi, Edelweiss analysts covered many small scale industries (unorganised and organised) across different value chains.

While organised players envisage demonetisation along with GST to bring economic benefits and a long-term positive, unorganised players (the analysts visited textile, chemical, engineering products players, among others) foresee a 20-30 per cent permanent wealth destruction.

Consequently, this community is also sceptical of the job scenario in the near term for the unorganised labour market.

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Published on December 28, 2016
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